Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 136–146

A novel specimen for investigating the mechanical behavior of elastomers under multiaxial loading conditions

  • W. V. Mars
  • A. Fatemi

DOI: 10.1007/BF02428173

Cite this article as:
Mars, W.V. & Fatemi, A. Experimental Mechanics (2004) 44: 136. doi:10.1007/BF02428173


In this paper we describe the design and manufacture of an axial-torsion test specimen, and provide relationships needed when conducting stress-strain characterization experiments with the specimen. The specimen is a short hollow cylinder of rubber bonded between two steel mounting rings, in which simultaneous axial and shear strains are produced via independently controlled axial and twist displacements. We present calculations for the strain-displacement and stress-load relationships, and strain energy density. These relationships have been established and validated via a combination of analytical and experimental techniques, and finite element analysis. We have investigated the extent and effects of strain and stress field non-uniformity in the test specimen. The specimen design is sufficiently simple that a closed-form expression for the strain-displacement relationship has been successfully developed.

Key Words

Rubber specimen multiaxial fatigue multiaxial loading axial-torsion testing of elastomers 

Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. V. Mars
    • 1
  • A. Fatemi
    • 2
  1. 1.Cooper Tire and Rubber CompanyFindlayUSA
  2. 2.Mechanical, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering DepartmentThe University of ToledoToledoUSA

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