European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 22–26 | Cite as

Campylobacter enteritis in Portugal: Epidemiological features and biological markers

  • J. Cabrita
  • I. Pires
  • L. Vlaes
  • H. Coignau
  • J. Levy
  • H. Goossens
  • A. Penha Goncalves
  • P. de Mol
  • J. P. Butzler
Article

Abstract

From 1984 to 1989, stool samples from 2811 gastroenteritis cases were examined for the presence ofCampylobacter jejuni andC. Coli, Salmonella, Shigella andYersinia species. Isolation rates were:Campylobacter jejuni andC. Coli, 5.3%,Salmonella spp., 14.8%,Shigella spp., 4.6% andYersinia enterocolitica, 1.1%.

Age group distribution analysis shows a higherCampylobacter isolation rate in children under one year of age. Seasonal distribution revealed a peak incidence in winter as in other Meditteranean countries.

Predominant biotypes wereC. jejuni I (51%),C. jejuni II (21.5%) andC. coli I (18.8%). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing did not reveal resistance to erythromycin. Thirty of the strains harboured plasmids with 7 different profiles.

Key words

Campylobacter Portugal Epidemiology Biotyping Plasmids Antimicrobial resistance 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Banffer J.R. (1985): Biotypes and serotypes ofCampylobacter jejuni andCampylobacter coli isolated from patients, pigs and chickens in the region of Rotterdam. J. Infec.10: 277–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blaser M.J., Glass R.I., Hug M.I. et al. (1980): Isolation ofCampylobacter fetus spp.jejuni from Bangladeshi children. J. Clin. Microbiol.,12: 744–747.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blaser M.JJ., Wells J.G., Feldman R.A. et al. (1983):Campylobacter enteritis in United States. A multicenter study. Ann. Inter. Med.98: 360–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bruce D., Zochowski W. andFerguson I.R. (1977):Campylobacter enteritis. Br. Med. J.2: 1219.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Butzler J.P. andSkirrow M.B. (1979):Campylobacter enteritis. Clin. Gastroent.8: 737–765.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Danielides V., Agostidou-Savvopoulou P., Manios S., Sidira G. andKanzouzidou (1982):Campylobacter enteritis in Northern Greece. In: D.G. Newell (ed).Campylobacter I: Epidemiology, Pathogenesis and Biochemistry. Lancaster. MIP Press. 25.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kaijser B. (1988):Campylobacter jejuni/coli APMIS,96: 283–288.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Karmali, M.A., De Grandis S. andFleming P.C. (1981): Antimicrobial susceptibility ofCampylobacter jejuni with special reference to resistance patterns of Canada isolates. Antimicrob. Agents Chemoth.19: 796–797.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lior H. (1984): New extended biotyping scheme forCampylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli andCampylobacter laridis. J. Clin. Microbiol.20: 636–640.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Megraud F., Gavinet A.M. andCamou-Junca C. (1987): Serogroups and biotypes of human strains ofCampylobacter jejuni andCampylobacter coli isolated in France. Europ. J. Clin. Microbiol.6: 641–645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Michel J., Rogol M. andDickam D. (1983): Susceptibility of clinical isolates ofCampylobacter jejuni to sixteen antimicrobial agents. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.23: 796–797.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Portnoy D.A., Moseley S.L. andFalkow S. (1981): Characterization of plasmids and plasmid-associated determinants ofYersinia enterocolitica pathogenesis. Infect. Immun.31: 775–782.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sagara H., Mochizuki A., Okamura N. andNakaya R. (1987): Antimicrobial resistance ofCampylobacter jejuni andCampylobacter coli with special reference to plasmid profiles of Japanese Clinical isolates. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.31: 713–719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shmilovitz M. andKretzer B. (1982):Campylobacter jejuni and etiological agent of diarrheal disease in Israel. In: D.G. Newell (ed).Campylobacter I: Epidemiology, Pathogenesis and Biochemistry. Lancaster. MIP Press. 22–24.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Skirrow M.B. (1977):Campylobcter enteritis: a “new” disease. Br. Med. J.2: 9–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Skirrow M.B. andBenjamin J. (1980): “1001”Campylobacters: cultural characteristics of intestinalCampylobacters from men and animals. J. Hyg.85: 427–442.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Skirrow M.B. (1982):Campylobacter enteritis — the first five years. J. Hyg.89: 175–184.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Skirrow M.B. (1987): A demographic survey ofCampylobacter, Salmonella andShigella infections in England. Epidem. Infect.99: 647–657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Taylor D.E., De Grandis S.A., Karmali M.A. andFleming P.C. (1981): Transmissible plasmids fromCampylobacter jejuni. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.19: 831–835.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Taxue R.V., Pegues D.A. andHargrett-Bean N. (1987):Campylobacter infections: the emerging national pattern. Am. J. Publ. Healt.77: 1291–1221.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tenover F.C., Williams S., Gordon K.P. andPlorde J.J. (1985): Survey of plasmids and resistance factors inCampylobacter jejuni andCampylobacter coli. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.27: 37–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vanhoof R., Gossens H., Goignau H., Stas G. andButzler J.P. (1982): Susceptibility pattern ofCampylobacter jejuni from human and animal origin to different antimicrobial agents. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.21: 990–992.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Vanhoof R.,Dierickx R.,Coignau H.,Hubrechts J.M.,Kaufman L. andButzler J.P. (1983): Disk sensitivity testing forCampylobacter jejuni. Europ. J. Clin. Microbiol.3: 160-162.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Velasco A.C., Mateos M.L., Màs G., Pedraza A. Diez M. andGutiérez A. (1984): Three — Year prospective study of intestinal pathogens in Madrid, Spain. J. Clin. Microbiol.20: 290–292.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Walder M. (1978): Erythromycin-resistantCampylobacters. Lancet2: 1201.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Walder M. andForsgren A. (1982): Acute enteritis due toCampylobacter — an epidemiological study. in: D.G. Newell (ed).Campylobacter I: Epidemiology, Pathogenesis and Biochemistry. Lancaster. MTP Press. 14–15.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Cabrita
    • 1
  • I. Pires
    • 2
  • L. Vlaes
    • 3
  • H. Coignau
    • 3
  • J. Levy
    • 3
  • H. Goossens
    • 3
  • A. Penha Goncalves
    • 1
  • P. de Mol
    • 3
  • J. P. Butzler
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. HygieneFaculty Pharmacy of LisbonLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Laboratory of BacteriologyNational Institute of HealthLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.WHO Collaborating Centre for Enteric Campylobacter-Saint-Pieter-University HospitalFree University of BrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations