European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 22–26 | Cite as

Campylobacter enteritis in Portugal: Epidemiological features and biological markers

  • J. Cabrita
  • I. Pires
  • L. Vlaes
  • H. Coignau
  • J. Levy
  • H. Goossens
  • A. Penha Goncalves
  • P. de Mol
  • J. P. Butzler


From 1984 to 1989, stool samples from 2811 gastroenteritis cases were examined for the presence ofCampylobacter jejuni andC. Coli, Salmonella, Shigella andYersinia species. Isolation rates were:Campylobacter jejuni andC. Coli, 5.3%,Salmonella spp., 14.8%,Shigella spp., 4.6% andYersinia enterocolitica, 1.1%.

Age group distribution analysis shows a higherCampylobacter isolation rate in children under one year of age. Seasonal distribution revealed a peak incidence in winter as in other Meditteranean countries.

Predominant biotypes wereC. jejuni I (51%),C. jejuni II (21.5%) andC. coli I (18.8%). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing did not reveal resistance to erythromycin. Thirty of the strains harboured plasmids with 7 different profiles.

Key words

Campylobacter Portugal Epidemiology Biotyping Plasmids Antimicrobial resistance 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Cabrita
    • 1
  • I. Pires
    • 2
  • L. Vlaes
    • 3
  • H. Coignau
    • 3
  • J. Levy
    • 3
  • H. Goossens
    • 3
  • A. Penha Goncalves
    • 1
  • P. de Mol
    • 3
  • J. P. Butzler
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. HygieneFaculty Pharmacy of LisbonLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Laboratory of BacteriologyNational Institute of HealthLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.WHO Collaborating Centre for Enteric Campylobacter-Saint-Pieter-University HospitalFree University of BrusselsBelgium

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