Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 17, Issue 1–2, pp 110–114 | Cite as

Cinematographic system for high-image-density particle image velocimetry

  • J. C. Lin
  • D. Rockwell
Technical Notes


A cinematographic system, which integrates the concepts of high-image-density PIV, laser scanning, and framing photography, allows temporal resolution of the order of one percent of the time scale of the largest vortical structures in the turbulent wake from a cylinder at a Reynolds number of 10,000. With this resolution in time, it is possible to track, in a continuous fashion, the patterns of streamwise vorticity in the near-wake.


Reynolds Number Vorticity Fluid Dynamics Laser Scanning Particle Image Velocimetry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adrian RJ (1986) Image Shifting to Resolve Directional Ambiguity in Double-Pulsed Velocimetry. Applied Optics 25: 3855–3858Google Scholar
  2. Adrian RJ (1991) Particle-Imaging Techniques for Experimental Fluid Mechanics. Ann Review Fluid Mech 23: 261–304Google Scholar
  3. Agui JC;Jimenez J (1987) On the Performance of Particle Tracking. J Fluid Mech 185: 447–468Google Scholar
  4. Bays-Muchmore B; Ahmed A (1992) Streamwise Vortices in Turbulent Wakes of Cylinders, to appear in Physics of FluidsGoogle Scholar
  5. Bloor MS (1964) The Transition to Turbulence in the Wake of a Circular. J Fluid Mech 19: 290–304CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. Gerrard J (1978) The Wakes of Cylindrical Bluff-Bodies at Low Reynolds Number. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A 288: 352–382Google Scholar
  7. Grant I;Smith GH;Owens EH (1988) A Directionally Sensitive Particle Image Velocimeter, J Phys E: Sci Instrum 21: 1190–1195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kourta A;Boisson HD;Chassing P;Haminh H (1987) Nonlinear Interaction and the Transition to Turbulence in the Wake of a Circular Cylinder. J Fluid Mech 181: 141–161Google Scholar
  9. Landreth CC;Adrian RJ (1988) Measurement and Refinement of Velocity Data using Image Density Analysis in Particle Image Velocimetry, Applications of Laser Anemometry to Fluid Mechanics. Berlin Heidelberg New York: Springer, pp 484–497Google Scholar
  10. Meinhart CD; Prasad AK; Adrian RJ (1992) Parallel Digital Processor System for Particle Image Velocimetry. Proceedings of Sixth International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 30.1.1 to 30.1.6Google Scholar
  11. Reuss DL; Adrian RJ; Landreth CC; French DT; Fansler TD (1989) Instantaneous Planar Measurements of Velocity and Large-Scale Vorticity and Strain Rate in an Engine using Particle-Image Velocimetry. SAE Technical Paper Series # 890616, SAE International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, Michigan, February 7–March 3Google Scholar
  12. Rockwell D (1992) Quantitative Visualization of Bluff-Body Wakes by Particle Image Velocimetry. Invited Lecture at International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Symposium on Bluff-Body Wakes, Goettingen, Germany, September 6–12 (to appear in proceedings edited by H. Eckelmann and J. M. R. Graham)Google Scholar
  13. Rockwell D; Magness C; Robinson O; Towfighi J; Akin O; Gu W; Corcoran T (1992) Instantaneous Structure of Unsteady Separated Flows by a Particle Image Velocimetry. Report PI-1, Fluid Mechanics Laboratories, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Lehigh UniversityGoogle Scholar
  14. Rockwell D;Magness C;Towfighi J;Akin O;Corcoran T (1993) High-Image-Density Particle Image Velocimetry Using Laser Scanning Techniques. Exp Fluids 14: 181–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sheridan J;Soria J;Jie W;Welsh MC (1993) The Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability of the Separated Shear Layer from a Circular Cylinder. Bluff-Body Wakes, Dynamics and Instabilities (eds. H Eckelmann, JMR Graham, P Huerre, P Monkewitz). Proceedings of IUTAM Symposium, Göttingen, Germany, September 7–11, 1992, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 115–117Google Scholar
  16. Sinha SK (1988) Improving the Accuracy and Resolution of Particle Image or Laser Speckle Velocimetry. Exp Fluids 6: 67–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Unal MF;Rockwell D (1988) On Vortex Formation from a Cylinder. Part 1. The Initial Instability. J Fluid Mech 190: 491–512Google Scholar
  18. Vogel A;Lauterborn W (1988) Time-resolved Particle image velocimetry used in the Investigation of Cavitation Bubble Dynamics. Applied Optics 27, No. 9, May, pp. 1869–1876Google Scholar
  19. Wei T;Smith CR (1986) Secondary Vortices in the Wake of Circular Cylinders. J of Fluid Mech 169: 513–533Google Scholar
  20. Williamson CHK (1989) Oblique and Parallel Modes of Vortex Shedding in the Wake of a Circular Cylinder at Low Reynolds Numbers. J of Fluid Mech 206: 579–627Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Lin
    • 1
  • D. Rockwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Room 354Lehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA

Personalised recommendations