Differential regulation of genes for resveratrol synthase in cell cultures ofArachis hypogaea L.
- Cite this article as:
- Lanz, T., Schröder, G. & Schröder, J. Planta (1990) 181: 169. doi:10.1007/BF02411534
- 94 Downloads
Resveratrol synthase (RS; EC 2.3.1.-) catalyzes the formation of the phytoalexin resveratrol from 4-coumaroyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA. We present the characterization of new genomic RS sequences (RS3, RS4), and describe studies with gene-specific oligonucleotides on the expression of four different RS sequences (RScDNA, RS1, RS2, RS3) during growth of a cell culture fromArachis hypogaea L. and after application of various inducers (elicitor fromPhytophtora megasperma, yeast extract, and dilution of the cultures). Transcripts from RScDNA were induced by all of the factors tested, and they represented the majority of all identified RS RNAs. Expression from RS1 and RS3 was much lower than from RScDNA, and transcripts from RS2 were never detected. Both RS1 and RS3 were induced by elicitor, but they reacted differently from the other inducers: RS1 was induced by yeast extract, but RS3 was not, and RS3 was induced by dilution of the cultures, but RS1 was not. The results indicate that the RS genes inA. hypogaea represent a gene family, and that some of the members are regulated by different signals. The quantitative data also show that the sum of the transcripts identified with gene-specific oligonucleotides was lower than the total amount of RS-specific transcripts, indicating that the cells contain active genes which have not yet been identified.
Key wordsArachis Cell culture Gene regulation, differential Gene-specific oligonucleotide Resveratrol synthase Stilbene phytoalexin