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Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 74–83 | Cite as

A parametric study of laser induced thin film spallation

  • Junlan Wang
  • Richard L. Weaver
  • Nancy R. Sottos
Article

Abstract

We report parametric studies of elastic wave generation by a pulsed laser and associated spalling of thin surface films by the corresponding high stresses. Two different substrate materials, single crystal Si (100) and fused silica, are considered. Spallation behavior of Al thin films is investigated as a function of substrate thickness, film thickness, laser energy, and various parameters governing the source. Surface displacement due to the stress wave is measured by Michaelson interferometry and used to infer the stresses on the film interface. Consistent with previous studies, the maximum stress in the substrate and at the film/substrate interface increases with increasing laser fluence. For many of the conditions tested, the substrate stress is large enough to damage the Si. Moreover, the maximum interface stress is found to increase with increasing film thickness, but decrease with increasing substrate thickness due to geometric attenuation. Of particular significance is the development of a decompression shock in the fused sillica substrates, which results in very high tensile stresses at the interface. This shock enhances the failure of thin film interfaces, especially in thicker samples.

Key Words

Laser spallation thin film interface adhesion stress wave decompression shock 

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Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junlan Wang
    • 1
  • Richard L. Weaver
    • 1
  • Nancy R. Sottos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Theoretical and Applied MechanicsUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

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