Effects of magnesium ion on parathyroid hormone secretion in vitro
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In a well-defined in vitro perifusion system, the effects of extracellular magnesium concentration (Mg) on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion by bovine parathyroid tissue were examined. At Mg less than 0.8 mM, the ability of the glands to secrete hormone maximally in response to low calcium (Ca) stimulation was progressively impaired. Low Mg also impaired the ability of isoproterenol, dibutyryl cyclic AMP and theophylline to stimulate hormone release. The defect in hormone release at low Mg observed in vitro was analogous to the well-documented inhibition of secretion observed in vivo. Increases in Mg from 0 to 0.8 mM rapidly repaired the defect in hormone secretion. At Mg above 1.0 mM there was a Ca-like effect on hormone release, with a progressive decrease in secretion at increased Mg. Although its mechanism is not yet clear, the low Mg effect appears to impair principally the process of hormone release rather than its biosynthesis or storage.
Key wordsMagnesium Parathyroid hormone Secretion In vitro Calcium
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