Advertisement

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 99, Issue 1–4, pp 689–695 | Cite as

Influence of particle size distribution and content of organic matter on the toxicity of copper in sediment bioassays usingCaenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda)

  • S. Höss
  • M. Haitzer
  • W. Traunspurger
  • H. Gratzer
  • W. Ahlf
  • C. Steinberg
Sediment/Organism Interactions
  • 68 Downloads

Abstract

The influence of particle size distribution and organic matter on the toxicity of copper was investigated using the nematodeCaenorhabditis elegans as testorganism. Sediments taken at various depths from three lakes of different trophic status and artificial sediments were spiked with sublethal concentrations of CuSO4. After an exposure of 72 h to spiked sediment or liquid medium, body length of the nematodes was determined. Both artificial and natural sediments reduced the effect of copper, with natural sediments being more effective. In natural sediments worms grew normally at concentrations of copper up to 63.5 mg/L, whereas in artificial sediments body length was reduced at concentrations of 11.3 mg Cu/L or higher. Body length was positively correlated with content of fine particles and organic matter, indicating that particle size distribution and organic matter are determinant factors for the ecotoxicology of sediments.

Keywords

Sediment particle size distribution organic matter Caenorhabditis elegans Cu toxicity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alberts, J.J., Giesy, J.P. and Evans, D.W.: 1984,Environ. Geol. Water Sci. 6, 91.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, H.E., Hall, R.H. and Brisbin, T.D.: 1980, Environ. Sci. Technol.14, 441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burton, Jr., G.A.: 1991,Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 10, 1585.Google Scholar
  4. Cairns, M.A., Nebeker, A.V., Gakstatter, J.N. and Griffis, W.L.: 1984, Environ. Toxicol. Chem.3, 435.Google Scholar
  5. Callahan, C.A., Menzie, C.A., Barmaster, D.E., Wilbom, D.C., and Ernst, T.: 1991,Environ, Contam. Toxicol. 10, 817.Google Scholar
  6. Campbell, J.A., Towner, J.V., and Vallurupalli, R.: 1988, in J.J. Lichtenberg, J.A. Winter, C.I. Weber, and L. Fradkin (eds.),Chemical Characterisation of Sludges, Sediments, Dredge Spoils, und Drilling Mulls, ASTM STP 976, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, pp. 93–101.Google Scholar
  7. Deutsche Einheitsverfahren zur Wasser, Abwasser- und Schlammuntersuchung: 1996.Google Scholar
  8. Donkin, S.G. and Dusenbery, D.B.: 1993,Arch. Environ, Contain. Toxicol. 25, 145.Google Scholar
  9. Donkin, S.G. and Dusenbery, D.B.: 1994,Water, Air und Soil Pollut. 78, 359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Förstner, U.: 1990, in R. Baudo, J. Giesy and H. Muntau (eds.).Chemistry and Toxicity of In-Place Pollutants. Lewis publisher, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 61–106.Google Scholar
  11. Green, A.S., Chandler, G.T. and Blood, E.R.: 1993,Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 12, 1497.Google Scholar
  12. Knezovich, J.P., Harrison, F.L. and Wilhelm, R.G.: 1987,Water, Air and Soil Pollut. 32, 233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lee, G.F. and Jones, R.A.: 1984, in K.L. Dickson, A.W. Maki and W.A. Brungs (eds.),Fate and Effects of Sediment-Bound Chemicals in Aquatic Systems, Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NY, pp. 1–34.Google Scholar
  14. Luoma, S.N. and Davis, J.A.: 1983,Mar. Chem. 12, 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Malueg, K.W., Schuytema, G.S. and Krawczyk, D.F.: 1986,Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 5, 245.Google Scholar
  16. Meador, J.P.: 1991.Aquat. Toxicol. 19, 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Patrick, Jr., W.H., Gambrell, R.P. and Khalid, R.A.: 1977,J. Enriron. Sci. Health,A12 (9), 475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Podoll, R.T. and Mabey, W.R.: 1984, in K.L. Dickson, A.W. Maki and W.A. Brungs (eds.),Fare and Effects of Sediment-Bound Chemicals in Aquatic Systems, Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NY, pp. 83–98.Google Scholar
  19. Tessier, A. & Campbell, P.G.C.: 1987,Hydrobiologia 149, 43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Traunspurger, W., Haitzer, M., Höss, S., Beier, S. and Ahlf, W. and Steinberg, C.: 1997,Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 16 (2).Google Scholar
  21. van Kessel, W.H.M., Brocades Zaalberg, R.W., and Seinen, W.: 1989,Ecoloxicol. Environ. Safety 18, 181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wentsel, R., McIntosh, A. and Atchison, G.: 1977,Hydrobiologia 56 (2), 153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Williams, P.L. and Dusenbery: 1990,Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 9, 1285.Google Scholar
  24. Winner, R.W.: 1984,Aquat. Toxicol. 5, 267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zöfel, P.: 1988, Statistik in der Praxis (eds.), Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Höss
    • 1
  • M. Haitzer
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. Traunspurger
    • 2
  • H. Gratzer
    • 2
  • W. Ahlf
    • 3
  • C. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoologisches Institut der LMU, Abt. LimnologieMünchenFRG
  2. 2.Institut für Gewässerökologie und BinnenfischereiBerlinFRG
  3. 3.TU Hamburg-Harburg, AB UmweltschutztechnikHamburgFRG

Personalised recommendations