Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 93, Issue 1–4, pp 27–57 | Cite as

Acidification trends in surface waters in the international program on acidification of rivers and lakes

  • Avis D. Newell
  • Brit Lisa Skjelkvåle


We applied trend analyses to data from the International Cooperative Programme for Acidification of Rivers and Lakes in an attempt to discover regional patterns of long-term changes in surface water chemistry both in Europe and North America, and to relate these changes to trends in deposition. Decreases in surface water SO4 2− concentrations predominated at European sites in the Federal Republic of Germany, The Netherlands, and in Norway, and at the North American sites in Ontario, Canada, the Adirondacks and Catskill Mountains of New York, U.S.A. Other predominating trends in the European sites were decreasing Ca2+ concentrations at many of the sites in The Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden. Increases in NO3 were observed at several sites in southern Norway, and in the Adirondack and Catskill regions of eastern New York. This, combined with an increased occurrence of declining base cation concentrations may well be responsible for the lack of documented surface water recovery from acidification. Despite region-wide trends in several variables of importance in acidification, no correlations between surface water trends and changes in deposition were found using these data.

Key words

Acidification trends sulfate nitrate United States Europe 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avis D. Newell
    • 1
  • Brit Lisa Skjelkvåle
    • 2
  1. 1.ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc. U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Norwegian Institute for Water ResearchOsloNorway

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