Ainsworth, S. J. 1990. Plastics recycling ventures attack increasing waste problem.Chemical and Engineering News
Ames, B. N., R. Magaw, and L. S. Gold. 1987. Ranking possible carcinogenic hazards.Science
Anon. 1989. Genpak Corp. and Mobil Chem. Co. plant recycles foam products.World Wastes 32(2):14.
Anon. 1990a.This Week, Victoria, July 4, page M13.
Anon. 1990b. Garbage to light a small town.Chemical and Engineering News 68(10), (43):18–19. Estimates made based on populations of towns cited and the average per capita US power consumption, 1.36 kW. This figure was derived by dividing the gross annual US power consumption for 1988, 2.701 × 109 kWh, by the 1980 census population, 2.265 × 108, both data from the World Almanac and Book of Facts, M. S. Hoffman (ed.). Pharos Books, New York, 1990.
Anon. 1990c. Public pressure forces McDonald’s to end foam use.Eco-Log Week 44(9)L3–4.
Anon. 1990d. Sludge [and ash] recycling technology implemented in U.S. plant.Water and Pollution Control 128(6):31.
Bachman, G. B., H. Hellman, K. R. Robinson, R. W. Finholt, E. J. Filar, L. V. Heisey, L. L. Lewis, and D. D. Micucci. 1947. A new method of preparing substituted vinyl compounds. Depolymerization studies on vinyl polymers.Journal of Organic Chemistry
Barlaz, M. A., D. M. Schaefer, and R. K. Ham. 1989. Bacterial population development and chemical characteristics of refuse decomposition in a simulated sanitary landfill.Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Barlaz, M. A., R. K. Ham, and D. M. Schaefer. 1990. Methane production from municipal refuse. A review of enhancement techniques and microbial dynamics.CRC Reviews in Environmental Control
Berry, R. S., and H. Makino. 1974. Energy thrift in packaging and marketing.Technology Review
Bonsor, N., N. McCubbin, and J. B. Sprague. 1988. Municipal-industrial strategy for abatement (MISA), kraft mill effluents in Ontario. Queen’s Printer for Ontario, April, p. 11–201.
Bouster, C., P. Vermande, and J. Veron. 1989. Evolution of the product yield with temperature and molecular weight in the pyrolysis of polystyrene.Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Brooks, J. M., D. A. Wiesenburg, R. A. Burke, Jr., and M. C. Kennicutt. 1981. Gaseous and volatile hydrocarbon inputs from a subsurface oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.Environmental Science and Technology
Canadian Broadcasting Corp. 1990. Good morning Show. Cache Creek renamed “Trash Creek,” deliveries from 20 chip trucks per day from Vancouver. 8.00 a.m., March 26.
Casey, J. P. (ed.). 1980. Pulp and paper. Chemistry and chemical technology. Wiley-Interscience, New York, Vol. I, pp. 469–470; Vol. II, pp. 1235–1335.Google Scholar
Doolan, P. C., and P. R. Pujado. 1989. Make aromatics from LPG.Hydrocarbon Processing
Dwyer, F. G., P. J. Lewis, and F. H. Schneider. 1976. Efficient, nonpolluting ethylbenzene process.Chemical Engineering
Fergusson, W. C. 1976. Recovery of resources from plastics industrial waste.Chemistry and Industry (London) 724–729.
Franklin Associations, Ltd. 1988. Characterization of municipal solid waste in the United States, 1970 to 2000. Consultants, Prairie Village, Kansas, March 30. Breakdown for 1986 cited byChemecology
Franklin Associates. 1990. Cited by D. Stipp, Life cycle analysis measures greenness, but results may not be black & white,Wall Street Journal
February 28, 1991, p. B-1.Google Scholar
Freiling, J. G., and A. A. Simone. 1973. Feedstock availability shifting economics of olefin manufacture.Oil and Gas Journal
French, H. M. 1980. Terrain, land use and waste drilling fluid disposal problems, Arctic Canada.Arctic
Gillies, D. J. 1989. The case for incineration.Canadian Packaging
Grossman, D., and S. Shulman. 1990. Down in the dumps.Discover
11(4):36–41, April.Google Scholar
GRS. 1989. Pentane emissions tamed by EPS molder.Modern Plastics
Guillet, J. E. 1990. Cited by J. Krieger, Changing public’s image of chemistry: Educating is key.Chemical Engineering News
Hammers Plastic Recycling Corp. 1990. Iowa Falls, Iowa 50126. Pamphlet.
Hetherington, E. D. 1987. The importance of forests in the hydrological regime. Pages 179–211,in
M. C. Healey and R. R. Wallace (eds.), Canadian aquatic resources. Canadian bulletin of fisheries and aquatic science 215. Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Ottawa.Google Scholar
Hileman, B. 1989. Global warming.Chemical and Engineering News
Hocking, M. B. 1975. A chemical input-output analysis of municipal solid waste incineration.Journal of Environmental Systems
Hocking, M. B. 1985. Modern chemical technology and emission control. Springer-Verlag, New York, Chapter 13.Google Scholar
Hocking, M. B. 1990. Re campus hot drink containers.The Ring (Victoria)
Hocking, M. B. 1991. Paper versus polystyrene: A complex choice.Science
Interim Pollution Reduction Strategy for Ontario Kraft Mills. 1989. Queen’s Printer for Ontario, Toronto, April, p. 10.
Jackson, F. R. 1974. Energy from solid waste. Noyes Data Corporation, Park Ridge, New Jersey.Google Scholar
Johnson, F. D. 1989. Incineration: No longer on the back burner.Water and Pollution Control
Johnston, H. S. 1984. Human effects on the global atmosphere.Annual Reviews of Physical Chemistry
Kampouris, E. M., C. D. Papaspyrides, and C. N. Lekakou. 1988. A model process for the solvent recycling of polystyrene.Polymer Engineering and Science
Kane, M. 1990. Oil spill clean-up under new scrutiny.Chemistry in Britain
Kindler, H., and A. Nikles. 1979. Energiebedarf bei der Herstellung und Verarbeitung von Kunststoffen.Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik
Kindler, H., and A. Nikles. 1980. Energieaufwand zur Herstellung von Werkstoffen-Berechnungsgrundsätze und Energieäquivalenzwerte von Kunststoffen.Kunstoffe
Kranz, E. S. 1984. Stone and Webster (contractors). International indicators: The moment to modernize. Energy Bureau Conference, Houston, Texas. September.
Kuhlke, W. C. 1990. Recycle your plastic waste.Hydrocarbon Processing
Langebach, H. P., and U. Deubler. 1979. More on saving feedstock and energy in ethylene plants.The Oil and Gas Journal
Lewis, P. J., and F. G. Dwyer. 1977. Ethylbenzene unit operates well on dilute ethylene.The Oil and Gas Journal
Lewis, P. J., C. Hagopian, and P. Koch. 1983. Styrene. Pages 770–801,in
Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd ed. Vol. 21. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
Lindquist, B. 1990. Answering the burning question.Process Industries Canada
Lowenheim, F. A., and M. K. Moran. 1975. Faith Keyes and Clark’s industrial chemicals, 4th ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. pp. 126, 365, 378, 779.Google Scholar
MacFarlane, A. C. 1976. Ethylbenzene process proves out.The Oil and Gas Journal
Massey, D., W. E. Kelly, E. K. Landis, and M. D. McKinley. 1971. Urban refuse incinerator design and operation: State of the art. Bureau of Engineering Research Report No. 133-119, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Washington, June.Google Scholar
McCubbin, N. 1983. The basic technology of the pulp and paper industry and its environmental practices. Environment Canada, Ottawa.Google Scholar
Monsanto. 1969. New styrene process cuts annual costs 18%.Chemical and Engineering News
Miller, S. A., and J. W. Donaldson. 1967. Styrene manufacture.Chemical Process Engineering
48(12):37–42, 47.Google Scholar
Nottingham City Council. 1974. Nottingham refuse incineration and district heating scheme. Calculations by author from their current experience based on August 1990 visit,Pamphlet, 10 pp.
Peterson, M., and J. R. Sutherland. 1989. Grey mould control by seedling canopy humidity reduction through underbench ventilation and styroblock aeration, Forestry Canada, Victoria, British Columbia, March.Google Scholar
Plastics Recycling Directory [for 1989]. 1988. The Plastic Bottle Institute, Washington, DC.
Plehiers, P. M., and G. F. Froment. 1987. Cocracking and separate cracking of ethane and naphtha.Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Pllehn, W. (ed.). 1988. Comparison of the effects on the environment from polyethylene and paper carrier bags. Report by the Federal Office of the Environment, Berlin, August.
Raimondo, S. 1990. Which type of drinking container retains heat best? Vancouver Island Regional Science Fair presentation, Victoria, British Columbia, April 7–9.
Ramanathan, V. 1988. The greenhouse theory of climate change: A test by inadvertent global experiment.Science
Ransley, D. L. 1978. BTX processing. Pages 264–277,in
Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd ed., Vol. 4. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
Rathje, W. L. 1988. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Cited by the Polystyrene Packaging Council.
Rathje, W. L. 1989a. Rubbish!Atlantic Monthly
Rathje, W. L. 1989b. Comments on S.1112 and S.1113, The Solid Waste Disposal Act, 101st Congress, 1st Session, 21 June 1989, before the U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, Washington, DC.
Reese, K. M. 1989. Archaeologists dig into secrets of landfills.Chemical and Engineering News
Robinson, G. 1984. Impact of heavy fuel oil and natural gas prices on the value of biomass delivered to British Columbia pulp mills. Agriculture Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Ottawa. Report BC-X-256.Google Scholar
Rosenwald, R. H. 1978. Alkylation. Pages 50–72,in
Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd ed., Vol. 2. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
Seltzer, R. 1989. Impact of Alaska oil spill spreading.Chemical and Engineering News
Shapiro, I. S. 1978. Future sources of organic raw materials.Science
Simonet, R. A. 1985. Methane recovery from landfill gas in order to produce natural gas by means of membranes.Desalination
Sinclair, W. F. 1990. Controlling pollution from Canadian pulp and paper manufacturers: A federal perspective. Environment Canada, Conservation and Protection, Ottawa, p. 200.Google Scholar
Skochdopole, R. E., and G. C. Welsh. 1989. Polystyrene foams. Pages 193–206,in
Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering, Vol. 16. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
Straub, C. P. 1989. Practical handbook of environmental control. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, pp. 448, 449.Google Scholar
Swabb, L. E., Jr. 1978. Liquid fuels from coal: From R&D to an industry.Science
Swanson, R. H., and G. R. Hillman. 1977. Predicted increased water yield after clear-cutting verified in west-central Alberta. Information report NOR-X-19. Canadian Forest Service, Edmonton, October.
Teal, J. M., and R. W. Howarth. 1984. Oil spill studies: A review of ecological effects.Environmental Management
US EPA. 1988. Environmental Protection Agency/Paper Industry Cooperative Dioxin Screening Study, US Environmental Protection Agency. Report No. EPA-440/1-88-025. Washington, DC, March.
US EPA 1989. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 40—Protection of the environment; Chapter 1, Subchapter N, Effluent guidelines and standards, Part 430—Pulp, paper, and paperboard point source category, Subpart H-BCT Bleached kraft subcategory 430.80, 7-1-89 ed. Washington, DC.
Vervalin, C. H. 1989. European energy outlook to year 2010 is subject of new report from DRI.Hydrocarbon Processing
Ward, D. J., S. M. Black, T. Imai, Y. Sato, N. Nakayama, H. Tokano, and K. Egawa. 1987. How new styrene unit is working.Hydrocarbon Processing
Waterland, A. F. 1980. Energy management. Pages 21–45,in
Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd ed., Vol. 9. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
Wintermeyer, R. L., and W. C. Buzanowski. 1989. Styrene monomers. Pages 5–241,in
Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering, Vol. 16. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
Wishart, R. S. 1978. Industrial energy in transition: A petrochemical perspective.Science
Zarnett, G. D., and F. Besik. 1972.Water and Pollution Control
Zaitsev, N. B., and I. Ya. Poddubnyi, 1975. Thermal degradation of polystyrene studied by pyrolytic gas chromatography.Vysokomolekulyarnye Soedineniya, Seriya A
. 17(5):1130–1135. [Chemical Abstracts
Zurer, P. 1989. International gathering aims for pact on climate change problem.Chemical and Engineering News
Zurer, P. 1990. Fate of CFC alternatives remains up in the air.Chemical and Engineering News