Environmental Management

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 105–117 | Cite as

Variations in the chemical properties of landfill leachate

  • L. M. Chu
  • K. C. Cheung
  • M. H. Wong


Landfill leachates were collected and their chemical properties analyzed once every two months over a ten-month period from the Gin Drinkers' Bay (GDB) and Junk Bay (JB) landfills. The contents of solids, and inorganic and organic components fluctuated considerably with time. In general, the chemical properties of the two leachates correlated negatively (P<0.05) with the amounts of rainfall prior to the sampling periods. However, magnesium and pH of the leachates remained relatively constant with respect to sampling time. The JB leachate contained higher average contents of solids and inorganic and organic matter than those of GDB with the exception of trace metals. Trace metals were present in the two leachates in trace quantities (<1.0 mg/liter). The concentrations of average ammoniacal nitrogen were 1040 and 549 mg/liter, while chemical oxygen demand (COD) values were 767 and 695 mg/liter for JB and GDB leachates, respectively. These results suggest that the leachates need further treatment before they can be discharged to the coastal waters.

Key words

Landfill leachate Chemical properties Spatial variation temporal variation Ammoniacal nitrogen Hong Kong 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. M. Chu
    • 1
  • K. C. Cheung
    • 1
  • M. H. Wong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyHong Kong Baptist CollegeHong Kong

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