Modeling emotional tone in stories using tension levels and categorical states
- 62 Downloads
The objective of this work is not to replicate subjective impressions and certainly not to supplant them, but to explore means by which the second dimension of literary impact, qualities of emotional expression, can be objectively studied through the collection and display of measures made possible by the computer. With that goal, this paper has illustrated two approaches to the analysis and display of three fundamental emotional tone scores. The first is the production of a combined score, tension, which has been derived from previous studies of literary text and criterion passages. The second approach is the generation of transition graphs which identify the emotional state of passages of text according to the categories proposed in Mehrabian's theoretical system.
Both of these approaches to the modeling of emotional tone scores generate meaningful displays of data which can be used in objective comparisons of different stories and which lead to fresh interpretations of the reasons for their impact on a reader. They can be applied to actual samples of the kind of literature that is spontaneously read for pleasure in addition to being of interest for analytic purposes.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- —— (1982b). Objective analysis of emotional tone in stories and poems.ALLC Journal, 3, No. 2, 45–51.Google Scholar
- Diltz, Bert Case and McMaster, Ronald Joseph. (1963).Many minds: Book 2. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.Google Scholar
- Grant, Mary Kathryn (1978).The tragic vision of Joyce Carol Oates. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, p.60.Google Scholar
- Heise, D.R. (1965). Semantic differential profiles for 1000 most frequent English words.Psychological Monographs, 79, no. 8, whole of No. 601.Google Scholar
- Kafka, Franz. (1961).The penal colony. New York: Schocken Books.Google Scholar
- Mehrabian, Albert. (1980).Basic dimensions for a general Psychological theory. Cambridge MA: Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain.Google Scholar
- Nichols, Margaret Foster. Singing towards anguish: the later works of Dylan Thomas. (1983). PhD. thesis, Cornell University.University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor, MI, 83-09488.Google Scholar
- Oates, J.C. (1963).By the north gate. Greenwich CT: Fawcett Publications.Google Scholar
- Osgood, C.E.: May, W.H. and Miron, M.S. (1975).Cross-cultural universals of affective meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
- Schank, Roger and Abelson, Robert. (1977).Scripts, plans, goals and understanding: An inquiry into human knowledge structure. Hillsdale: Lawrence, Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Scholes, R. (1974).Structuralism in literature: An introduction.New Haven:Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Thomas, Dylan. (1971).The collected poems of Dylan Thomas, 1934–1952. New York: New Directions.Google Scholar
- White, Ralph K. (1947). Black Boy: a value-analysis.Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 42, 440–461.Google Scholar