The effect of sample matrix quenching on the measurement of trace uranium concentrations in aqueous solutions using kinetic phosphorimetry
Laser-induced kinetic phosphorimetry is an accurate, sensitive and rapid alternative to radiometric determination of natural and depleted uranium in aqueous solutions. This method offers detection limits below 10 ng/l U (2.5·10−4 Bq/l natural U) and a broad analytical range to 5 mg/l U (130 Bq/l natural U). For many samples, dilution is the only sample preparation required. However, because this technique infers uranyl concentrations from time-resolved phosphorescence intensities, results are dependent upon sample matrix constituents that affect the phosphorescence of the uranyl cation. This study examines the influence of cations, anions and ligands common to natural water, process and bioassay samples on the quenching of uranyl phosphorescence and the consequences for lower limits of detection and accuracy of measurements.
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