Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 365–375 | Cite as

The effects of forest liming on fertilization on fine-root growth

  • Hans Persson
  • Kerstin Ahlström
Voluntary Paper

Abstract

Results are reported from the investigations of fine-root development in Norway spruce and Scots pine stands in South and Central Sweden, subjected to different liming and fertilization regimes. The growth responses of the fine roots to varying mineral nutrient regimes seem to be dependent on the tree species, the age of the tree population and soil conditions. Nitrogen fertilization in some of the investigated stands had negative effects on the development of fine roots, resulting in a reduction in the amount of fine roots to about 50% of that in the control. However, negative effects were not consistent in all stands, positive growth responses were also obtained. In these stands, the amount of fine roots was increased by 2 to 3 times. Liming in combination with fertilization resulted in a strong decrease in the amount of fine roots to about 30% of that in the control in some of the investigated stands. Liming in high doses is expected to produce a persistent increase in pH (H2O) and base saturation in the soil. However, results from the present study suggest that liming may have a negative effect on the development of tree fine roots, particularly in areas with a high N deposition. The application of crushed dolomite had less negative effects on fine root development than crushed calcitric lime and different types of residue products, such as wood and peat ashes.

Keywords

Lime Dolomite Fine Root Growth Response Mineral Nutrient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, S.N., Cooper, J.E., Dickson, E.L. and Seaby, D.A.: 1978,Forestry 51, 57.Google Scholar
  2. Andersson, F. and Persson, T.: 1988, SNV Rapport 3518.Google Scholar
  3. Ahlström, K., Persson, H. and Börjesson, I.: 1988,Plant and Soil 106, 179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arnolds, E.: 1988,Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 90, 391.Google Scholar
  5. Blaschke, H.: 1986,Forstw. Cbl. 105, 324.Google Scholar
  6. Buchholz, F. and Neumann, E.: 1964,Albrecht Thaer Arch. 8, 525.Google Scholar
  7. Derome, J., Kukkola, M. and Mälkönen, E.: 1986, SNV Rapport 3084.Google Scholar
  8. Falkengren-Grerup, U.: 1987,Environmental Pollut. 43, 79.Google Scholar
  9. Farrel, E.P. and Leaf, A.L.: 1974,Can. J. For. Res 4, 366.Google Scholar
  10. Fiedler, H.J. and Hunger, W.: 1963,Arch. Forstwes. 12, 936.Google Scholar
  11. Hallbäcken, L. and Popovic, B.: 1985, SNV Rapport PM 1880.Google Scholar
  12. Heinsdorf, D. and Schulzke, D.: 1969,Arch. Forstwes. 18, 731.Google Scholar
  13. Heinrich, Z. and Wojewoda, W.: 1976,Ekol. Pol. 24, 319.Google Scholar
  14. Hunger, W.: 1962,Tagungsber. Dal. 50, 179.Google Scholar
  15. Kuyper, Th. W. and de Vries, B.W.L.: 1989, in press, "Forest Ecosystems and their Components," p.00.Google Scholar
  16. Murach, D.: 1987, "Air Pollution and Ecosystems," COST International Symposium in Grenoble 1822 May 1987, p. 445.Google Scholar
  17. Murach, D. and Schünemann, E.: 1985,Allg. Forst. Zeitschrift 43, 1151.Google Scholar
  18. Menge, J.A., Grand, L.F. and Haines, L.W.: 1977,For Sci. 23, 37.Google Scholar
  19. Meyer, F.H.: 1984,Allg. Forst Zeitschrift 39, 212.Google Scholar
  20. Nihlgård, B. and Popovic, B.: 1984, SNV Rapport 1851.Google Scholar
  21. Ohenoja, E.: 1978,Ann. Bot. Fenn. 15, 38.Google Scholar
  22. Paavilainen, E.: 1967,Folia Forestalia 31, 1.Google Scholar
  23. Persson, H.: 1978,Oikos 30, 508.Google Scholar
  24. Persson, H.: 1980,Acta Phytogeogr. Suec. 68, 101.Google Scholar
  25. Persson, H.: 1985, (ed.) "Van händer med skogen — skogsdöd på väg," Liber Förlag AB, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  26. Persson, H.: 1988, "Liming as a measure to improve soil and tree conditions in areas affected by air pollution," SNV Rapport 3518, p. 71.Google Scholar
  27. Persson, H. and Börjesson, I.: 1986, "Indirect Effects of Air Pollution on Forest Trees" Proc. COST Workshop, Jülich, 5–8 December 1985, p. 61.Google Scholar
  28. Popovic, B. and Andersson, F.: 1984, SNV Rapport 1792.Google Scholar
  29. Puhe, J., Persson, H. and Börjesson, I.: 1986,Allg. Forst Zeitschrift 20, 488.Google Scholar
  30. Ritter, G. and Tölle, H.: 1978,Beitr. Forstw. 4, 162.Google Scholar
  31. Tamm, C.O.: 1985,K. Skogs- o. Lantbr. adad. tidskr. Suppl. 17, 9.Google Scholar
  32. Tamm, C.O.: and Hallbäcken, L.: 1988,Ambio 1, 56.Google Scholar
  33. Ulrich, B.: 1989, in press,Adv Environ. Sci. 4, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  34. Vogt, K. and Persson, H.: 1989, in press, "Techniques and Approaches in Forest Tree Ecophysiology," CRS Press, Inc., Florida, p. 00.Google Scholar
  35. Zöttl, H.W.: 1964,Mitt. Staatsforstvervaltung Bayerns 34, 333.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Persson
    • 1
  • Kerstin Ahlström
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Environmental ResearchThe Swedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations