The invisible children's project

Key ingredients of an intervention for parents with mental illness
  • Beth R. HindenEmail author
  • Beth R. Hinden
  • Kathleen Biebel
  • Joanne Nicholson
  • Liz Mehnert
Regular Articles


This study used a collective case study design to identify key ingredients of the Invisible Children's Project, an intervention program for families in which a parent has a mental illness. Data were obtained from interviews with parents and service providers, and from family file records. Qualitative analyses were used to generate hypotheses regarding key ingredients and targeted outcomes, and to develop a testable intervention model. Key ingredients were defined as core processes, essential services, and mediators. Strong convergence across parents and providers suggested core processes defined by family-centered, strengths-based, emotionally supportive, and comprehensive approaches; essential services including family case management, 24-hour crisis services, access to flexible funds, liaison and advocacy, and mediators reflecting parent-provider trust and communication/cooperation, provider-provider trust, adoption of strengths-based approaches, development of appropriate treatment plans, parent engagement, and parent self-esteem/self-efficacy. A model of the intervention is presented, and results are discussed with respect to research and policy implications.


Mental Illness Case Management Intervention Model Strong Convergence Core Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beth R. Hinden
    • 1
    Email author
  • Beth R. Hinden
    • 2
  • Kathleen Biebel
    • 3
  • Joanne Nicholson
    • 4
  • Liz Mehnert
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Center for Mental Health Services ResearchUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcester
  2. 2.the Department of Psychiatry, Center for Mental Health Services ResearchUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcester
  3. 3.the Department of Psychiatry, Center for Mental Health Services ResearchUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcester
  4. 4.Psychiatry and Family Medicine in the Department of Psychiatry, Center for Mental Health Services ResearchUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcester
  5. 5.Mental Health Association in Orange County, IncGoshen

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