, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 485–492 | Cite as

The taxonomic status ofpraeanthropus africanus (primates: Pongidae) from the late pliocene of Eastern Africa

  • Walter W. Ferguson


The taxonPraeanthropus africanus (Weinert, 1950), represented by the Garusi maxilla, is valid and reinstated. The morphological pattern of the Garusi maxilla is not that of a primitive hominid, but of a relatively generalized pongid. Since the apelike lectotype L.H.-4 and paralectotype A.L.200-1a ofAustralopithecus afarensisJohanson et al. 1978 are conspecific withP. africanus, and originate from the same formation, they are reassigned toPraeanthropus africanus.

Key Words

Praeanthropus africanus Australopithecus afarensis Garusi maxilla Fossil hominids Fossil pongids 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Day, M. H., M. D. Leakey, &T. R. Olson, 1980. On the status ofAustralopithecus afarensis.Science, 207: 1102–1105.Google Scholar
  2. Ferguson, W. W., 1983. An alternative interpretation ofAustralopithecus afarensis fossil material.Primates, 24: 397–409.Google Scholar
  3. ————, 1984. Revision of fossil hominid jaws from the Plio/Pleistocene of Hadar, in Ethiopia including a new species of the genusHomo (Hominoidea: Homininae).Primates, 25: 519–529.Google Scholar
  4. Gregory, W. K., 1951.Evolution Emerging. Macmillan, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Hennig, E., 1948. Quatärfaunen und Urgeschichte Ostafricas.Naturwiss. Rdsch. Jahrg., 12(5): 212–217.Google Scholar
  6. Johanson, D. C., 1982. Dental remains from the Hadar formation, Ethiopia: 1974–1977 collections.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 57: 545–603.Google Scholar
  7. ———— &T. D. White, 1979. A systematic assessment of early African hominids.Science, 203(4378): 321–330.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. ————, ————, &Y. Coppens, 1978. A new species of the genusAustralopithecus (Primates: Hominidae) from the Pliocene of eastern Africa.Kirtlandia, 28: 1–14.Google Scholar
  9. Kohl-Larsen, L., 1943. Auf des Spuren des Vormenschen Strecker und Schroder, Stuttgart, 2: 379–381.Google Scholar
  10. Leakey, M. D., R. L. Hay, G. H. Curtis, M. K. Drake, &T. D. White, 1976. Fossil hominids from the Laetoli beds.Nature (London), 26: 460–466.Google Scholar
  11. Olson, T. R., 1981. Basicranial morphology of the extant hominids and Pliocene hominids: the new material from the Hadar Formation, Ethiopia and its significance in early human evolution and taxonomy. In:Aspects of Human Evolution,C. B. Stringer (ed.), Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York. pp. 99–128.Google Scholar
  12. ————, 1984. Hadar Formatic hominids, cranial morphology. In:Ancestors: The Hard Evidence,E. Delson (ed.), Alan R. Liss, New York, pp. 99–128.Google Scholar
  13. Protsch, R., 1977. A new morphological analysis based on a reconstruction and dating of the Garusi hominid. In:Kohl-Larsen Festschrift, Vol. 2,H. Muller-Beck (ed.).Google Scholar
  14. Remane, A., 1951. Die Zahne desMeganthropus africanus.Ztschr. f. Morphol. u. Anthropol., 42: 311.Google Scholar
  15. ————, 1954. Structure and relationships ofMeganthropus africanus.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 12: 123–126.Google Scholar
  16. Robinson, J. T., 1953.Meganthropus, australopithecines and hominids.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 11: 1–38.Google Scholar
  17. ————, 1955. Further remarks on the relationship betweenMeganthropus and Australopithecines.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 22: 429–445.Google Scholar
  18. ————, 1956.The Dentition of the Australopithecinae. Transvaal Mus. Mem. No. 9, Transvaal Mus., Pretoria.Google Scholar
  19. Senyürek, M. S., 1955. A note on the teeth ofMeganthropus africanus Weinert from Tanganyika Territory.Turk Tarih Kurumu Belleten, 19: 1–41.Google Scholar
  20. Tobias, P. V., 1967.Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 2. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  21. ————, 1980.Australopithecus afarensis andA. africanus: Critique and an alternative hypothesis.Paleontol. Afr., 23: 1–17.Google Scholar
  22. ————, 1981. The emergence of man in Africa and beyond.Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London, B292: 43–56.Google Scholar
  23. ———— &G. H. R. von Koenigswald, 1964. Comparison between the Olduvai hominines and those of Java and some implications for hominid phylogeny.Nature (London), 204: 515–518.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter W. Ferguson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life SciencesTel Aviv University, Ramat AvivTel AvivIsrael

Personalised recommendations