Primates

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 261–270

Conflict and reconciliation in two groups of crab-eating monkeys differing in social status by birth

  • Marina Butovskaya
  • Alexander Kozintsev
  • Christian Welker
Article

Abstract

Two groups of captive macaques (M. fascicularis) were studied at Kassel University, Germany. One included animals whose mothers were high-ranking, another, those whose mothers were low-ranking. The first group was a despotic community in which conflicts were severe and occurred mainly between single individuals; the reconciliation tendency was weak, the male leader was the controlling animal, and the affiliative preferences were marked. The second group was an egalitarian community split into two mutually hostile conalitions; the conflicts were less severe, the tendency for reconciliation was strong, the male leader could control only his own bloc and had no strong affiliative ties with other group members.

Key Words

Macaques Aggression Dominance 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Butovskaya, M. L. 1993. Kinship and different dominance styles in groups of three species of the GenusMacaca: M. arctoides, M. mulatta, M. fascicularis.Folia Primatol., 60: 211–224.Google Scholar
  2. Butovskaya, M. L.;Kozintsev, A. G. 1994. Affiliative behaviour in an all-male group of stumptail macaques. In:Current Primatology, Vol. 2,Roeder,J. J.;Thierry,B.;Anderson,J. R.;Herrenschmidt,N. (eds.), Univ. Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, pp. 157–164.Google Scholar
  3. Butovskaya, M. L.;Kozintsev, A. G.;Kozintsev, B. A. 1994. The structure of affiliative relations in a primate community: allogrooming in stumptail macaques (Macaca arctoides).Human Evol., 9: 11–23.Google Scholar
  4. Butovskaya, M. L.;Ladygina, O. N. 1989. Support and cooperation in agonistic encounters of stumptail macaques (Macaca arctoides).Anthropologie, 27: 73–81.Google Scholar
  5. Cox, D. R. 1953. Some simple approximate tests for Poisson variates.Biometrika, 40: 354–360.Google Scholar
  6. Datta, S. B. 1989. Demographic influences on dominance structure among female primates. In:Comparative Sociobiology: The Behavioural ecology of Humans and Other Mammals, Standen, V.;Foley, R. (eds.), Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 265–284.Google Scholar
  7. de Waal, F. B. M. 1977. The organization of agonistic relations within two captive groups of Java monkeys (Macaca fascicularis).Zeitschr. Tierpsychol., 44: 225–282.Google Scholar
  8. de Waal, F. B. M. 1989. Dominance “style” and primate social organization. In:Comparative Socioecology: The Behavioural Ecology of Humans and Other Mammals,Standen,V.;Foley,R. (eds.), Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 243–263.Google Scholar
  9. de Waal, F. B. M.;Luttrell, L. M. 1989. Towards a comparative socioecology of the GenusMacaca: different dominance styles in rhesus and stumptail monkeys.Amer. J. Primatol., 19: 83–109.Google Scholar
  10. de Waal, F. B. M.;Yoshihara, D. 1983. Reconciliation and redirected aggression in rhesus monkeys.Behaviour, 85: 224–241.Google Scholar
  11. Easley, S. P.;Coelho, Jr. A. M.;Rutenberg, G. W. 1990. Multidimensional scaling of social relationships in baboons.Int. J. Anthropol., 5: 309–324.Google Scholar
  12. Ehardt, C. L. 1988. Absence of strongly kin-preferential behaviour in adult female mangabeys (Cercocebus atys).Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 76: 233–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kaplan, J. R. 1978. Fight interference and altruism in rhesus monkeys.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 49: 241–250.Google Scholar
  14. Kaplan, J. R.;Chikazawa, D. R.;Manuck, S. B. 1987. Aspects of fight interference in free-ranging and compound-dwelling rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).Amer. J. Primatol., 12: 287–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lehner, P. N. 1979.Handbook of Ethological Methods, Vol. 2. Garland, New York & London.Google Scholar
  16. Schäfer-Witt, C.;Welker, C. 1992. Sex-differences and age, the crab-eating monkeysMacaca fascicularis as an example.Primate Rep., 32: 119–132.Google Scholar
  17. Silk, J. B. 1982. Altruism among femaleMacaca mulatta: explanation and analysis of patterns of grooming and coalition formation.Behaviour, 79: 162–188.Google Scholar
  18. Silk, J. B. 1992. The patterns of intervention among male bonnet macaques: reciprocity, revenge and loyalty.Curr. Anthropol., 33: 318–325.Google Scholar
  19. Thierry, B. 1985. Patterns of agonistic interactions in three species of macaques (Macaca mulatta, M. fascicularis, M. tonkeana).Aggress. Behav., 11: 223–233.Google Scholar
  20. Trivers, R. L. 1971. The evolution of reciprocal altruism.Quart. Rev. Biol., 46: 35–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Welker, C.;Schäfer-Witt, C. 1992. The need of long-term studies to interpret actual behaviour patterns observable in social groups, the crab-eating monkeyMacaca fascicularis as an example.Primate Rep., 32: 31–47.Google Scholar
  22. Welker, C.;Schwibbe, M. H.;Schäfer-Witt, C.;Visalberghi, E. 1987. Failure of kin recognition inMacaca fascicularis.Folia Primatol., 49: 216–221.Google Scholar
  23. Wilson, E. O. 1987. Kin recognition: an introductory synopsis. In:Kin Recognition in Animals,Fletcher,D. J. C.;Michener,C. D. (eds.), Chichester, New York, pp. 7–18.Google Scholar
  24. Zumpe, D.;Michael, R. 1986. Dominance index: a simple measure of relative dominance status in primates.Amer. J. Primatol., 10: 291–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina Butovskaya
    • 1
  • Alexander Kozintsev
    • 2
  • Christian Welker
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Ethnology and AnthropologyMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Museum of Anthropology and EthnographySaint-PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Department of Zoology and Comparative AnatomyUniversity of KasselKasselGermany

Personalised recommendations