Primates

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 507–518 | Cite as

Dental arch form in the cercopithecidae

  • Joseph R. Siebert
  • Daris R. Swindler
  • John D. Lloyd
Article

Abstract

The dental arches of the major genera of Old World monkeys (superfamily Cercopithecoidea) were studied by morphometric techniques. Bicanine and bimolar breadths and arch lengths were ascertained for maxillary and mandibular arches. This data was then subjected to a variety of statistical tests. Corresponding arch dimensions of the upper and lower dentition showed the highest correlations, while the lowest correlations were generally observed between comparisons of arch dimensions and body size. A new expression was developed, relative male palate size (RMPS), which quantified the degree of sexual dimorphism while correcting for body size. The four hierarchies examined using RMPS values were sexual dimorphism, modes of sexual selection and predator defense and diet. Maxillary bicanine breadth was the only parameter that exhibited sexual dimorphism consistently in each of the four hierarchies, although differences in arch size were identified for diet and predator defense. Species grouped by predator defense showed the most sexual dimorphism in arch parameters.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beecher, R. M. &R. S. Corruccini, 1981. Effects of dietary consistency on maxillary arch breadth in macaques.J. Dent. Res., 60: 68.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowden, D. E. &D. H. Goose, 1969. The inheritance of palatal arch width in human families.Arch. Oral Biol., 13: 1293–1295.Google Scholar
  3. Brace, C. L., 1973. Sexual dimorphism in human evolution. In:Man: An Evolutionary Perspective,C. L. Brace &J. Metress (eds.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 238–253.Google Scholar
  4. Byrd, K. E. &D. R. Swindler, 1980. Palatal growth inMacaca nemestrina.Primates, 21: 253–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clutton-Brock, T. H. &P. H. Harvey, 1976. Evolutionary rules and primate societies. In:Growing Points in Ethology,P. P. G. Bateson &R. A. Hinde (eds.), Univ. Press, Cambridge, pp. 195–237.Google Scholar
  6. &, 1977. Primate ecology and social organization.J. Zool. Lond., 183: 1–39.Google Scholar
  7. Colyer, F., 1936.Variations and Diseases of the Teeth of Animals. John Bale, Sons & Danielsson, London.Google Scholar
  8. , 1940. Variation of the teeth of Preuss' colobus.Proc. Royal Soc. Med., 33: 63–74.Google Scholar
  9. Delson, E., 1973.Fossil Colobine Monkeys of the Circum-Mediterranean Region and the Evolutionary History of the Cercopithecidae (Primates, Mammalia). Univ. Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan, pp. 1–856.Google Scholar
  10. , 1975. Evolutionary history of the Cercopithecidae. In:Approaches to Primate Paleobiology, Vol. 5, Contributions to Primatology,F. S. Szalay (ed.), S. Karger, Basel, pp. 167–217.Google Scholar
  11. DeVore, I. &K. R. L. Hall, 1965. Baboon ecology. In:Primate Behavior,I. DeVore (ed.), Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, pp. 20–52.Google Scholar
  12. Harvey, P. H., M. Kavanagh &T. H. Clutton-Brock, 1978. Sexual dimorphism in primate teeth.J. Zool. Lond., 186: 475–485.Google Scholar
  13. Hylander, W. L., 1975. Incisor size and diet in anthropoids with special reference to cercopithecidae.Science, 189: 1095–1097.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Jolly, C. J., 1970. The seed eaters: A new model of hominid differentiation.Man, 5: 1–26.Google Scholar
  15. Kay, R. F., 1977. The evolution of molar occlusion in the Cercopithecidae and early Catarrhines.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 46: 327–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. , 1978. Molar structure and diet in extant Cercopithecidae. In:Studies in the Development, Function and Evolution of Teeth,P. M. Butler &K. Joysey (eds.), Academic Press, London, pp. 309–339.Google Scholar
  17. Kinzey, W. G., 1970. Basic rectangle of the mandible.Nature, 228: 289.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Kraus, B. S., W. J. Wise &R. H. Frei, 1959. Heredity and the craniofacial complex.Amer. J. Orthod., 45: 172–217.Google Scholar
  19. Lauer, C., 1975. A comparison of sexual dimorphism and range of variation inPapio cynocephalus andGorilla gorilla dentition.Primates, 16: 1–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lavelle, C. L. B., 1976. An analysis of dental arch form.I.R.C.S. Med. Sci.: Anat. Hum. Biol.; Dent. Oral Biol., 4: 21.Google Scholar
  21. , 1977. A study of the taxonomic significance of the dental arch.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 46: 415–422.Google Scholar
  22. Leutenegger, W. &J. T. Kelley, 1977. Relationship of sexual dimorphism in canine size and body size to social, behavioural and ecological correlates in anthropoid primates.Primates, 18: 117–136.Google Scholar
  23. Lucas, P. W., 1981. An analysis of canine size and jaw shape in some Old and New World non-human primates.J. Zool. Lond., 195: 437–448.Google Scholar
  24. Lundstrom, A., 1948. An investigation of 202 pairs of twins regarding fundamental factors in the aetiology of malocclusion.Trans. Europ. Orthod. Soc., 23: 161–176.Google Scholar
  25. Napier, J. R. &P. H. Napier, 1967.A Handbook of Living Primates. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  26. Schultz, A. H., 1958. Cranial and dental variability in Colobus monkeys.Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 130: 79–105.Google Scholar
  27. , 1969.The Life of Primates. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London.Google Scholar
  28. Struhsaker, T. T., 1969. Correlates of ecology and social organization among African cercopithecines.Folia Primatol., 11: 80–118.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Swindler, D. R., 1976.Dentition of Living Primates. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  30. , 1979. The incidence of underbite occlusion in leaf-eating monkeys.OSSA, 6: 261–272.Google Scholar
  31. ,J. A. Gavan &W. M. Turner, 1963. Molar tooth size variability in African monkeys.Human Biol., 35: 104–122.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. &J. E. Sirianni, 1973. Palatal growth rates inMacaca nemestrina andPapio cynocephalus.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 38: 83–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. &, 1975. Dental size and dietary habits of Primates.Ybk. Phys. Anthropol., 19: 166–182.Google Scholar
  34. Watt, D. G. &H. M. Williams, 1951. The effects of the physical consistency of food on the growth and development of the mandible and maxilla of the rat.Amer. J. Orthod., 37: 895–928.Google Scholar
  35. Wolpoff, M. H., 1971. A functional measure of tooth size.S. West J. Anthropol., 27: 279–286.Google Scholar
  36. Zingeser, M. R., 1968. Characteristics of the masticatory system. In:Biology of the Howler Monkey,M. R. Malinow (ed.), S. Karger, Basel, pp. 141–150.Google Scholar
  37. , 1970. The morphological basis of the underbite trait in langurs (P. melalophus T. cristatus) with an analysis of adaptive and evolutionary implications.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 32: 179–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. , 1976. Arch form, tooth size and occlusomandibular kinesis in the Ceboidea.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 45: 317–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph R. Siebert
    • 2
    • 1
  • Daris R. Swindler
    • 2
  • John D. Lloyd
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of LaboratoriesThe Children's Orthopedic Hospital and Medical CenterSeattleU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of Anthropology, DH-05University of WashingtonSeattleU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations