Primates

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 325–330 | Cite as

Patterns of reconciliation among captive gelada baboons (Theropithecus gelada): A brief report

  • Larissa Swedell
Short Communication

Abstract

Animals that live in groups are frequently exposed to conflict situations and must in some way maintain group cohesion. One mechanism that appears to restore social relationships after they have been disrupted by conflict isreconciliation. This study investigated reconciliatory behavior in the gelada baboon,Theropithecus gelada. The subjects were 11 adult geladas, housed in a large outdoor enclosure at the Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservation Park, New York. Five-minute focal animal samples following spontaneous aggression were compared with 5-min matched-control samples. The results of this study were: (1) geladas reunited in a friendly way after aggression; (2) former opponents were attracted to one another rather than dispersed from one another after a conflict; (3) most post-conflict reunions occurred within the first 2 min of the post-conflict period; and (4) geladas do not have any specific types of behavior associated with post-conflict reunions as do chimpanzees and macaques. The results of this study support the hypothesis that gelada baboons reconcile after aggression.

Key Words

Gelada baboons Reconciliation Post-conflict behavior Aggression 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aureli, F. 1992. Post-conflict behaviour among wild long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis).Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol., 31: 329–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aureli, F.;van Schaik, C. P. 1991. Post-conflict behaviour in long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), II: Coping with the uncertainty.Ethology, 89: 101–114.Google Scholar
  3. Aureli, F.;van Schaik, C. P.;van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M. 1989. Functional aspects of reconciliation among captive long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis).Amer. J. Primatol., 19: 39–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aureli, F.;Veenema, H. C.;van Eck, C. J. V. P.;van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M. 1993. Reconciliation consolation, and redirection in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).Behaviour, 124: 1–21.Google Scholar
  5. Castles, D. L.;Aureli, F.;de Waal, F. B. M. 1996. Variation in conciliatory tendency and relationship quality across groups of pigtail macaques.Anim. Behav., 52: 389–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cheney, D. L.;Seyfarth, R. M. 1989. Redirected aggression and reconciliation among vervet monkeys,Cercopithecus aethiops.Behaviour, 110: 258–275.Google Scholar
  7. Cords, M. 1988. Resolution of aggressive conflicts by immature long-tailed macaques,Macaca fascicularis.Anim. Behav., 36: 1124–1135.Google Scholar
  8. Cords, M. 1992. Post-conflict reunions and reconciliation in long-tailed macaques.Anim. Behav., 44: 57–61.Google Scholar
  9. Dunbar, R. I. M. 1993. Social organization of the gelada. In:Theropithecus: The Rise and Fall of a Primate Genus,Jablonski,N. G. (ed.), Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, pp. 425–439.Google Scholar
  10. Judge, P. G. 1991. Dyadic and triadic reconciliation in pigtail macaques (Macaca nemestrina).Amer. J. Primatol., 23: 225–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kappeler, P. M. 1993. Reconciliation and post-conflict behaviour in ringtailed lemurs,Lemur catta and redfronted lemurs,Eulemur fulvus rufus.Anim. Behav., 45: 901–915.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Matsumura, S. 1996. Postconflict affiliative contacts between former opponents among wild moor macaques (Macaca maurus).Amer. J. Primatol., 38: 211–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ren, R.;Yan, K.;Su, Y.;Qi, H.;Liang, B.;Bao, W.;de Waal, F. B. M. 1991. The reconciliation behavior of golden monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellanae roxellanae) in small breeding groups.Primates, 32: 321–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Veenema, H. C.;Das, M.;Aureli, F. 1994. Methodological improvements for the study of reconciliation.Behav. Proc., 31: 29–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. de Waal, F. B. M. 1986. Conflict resolution in monkeys and apes. In:Primates: The Road to Self-sustaining Populations,Benirschke,K. (ed.), Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 341–350.Google Scholar
  16. de Waal, F. B. M. 1987. Tension regulation and nonreproductive functions of sex in captive bonobos (Pan paniscus).Nat. Geograph. Res., 3: 318–335.Google Scholar
  17. de Waal, F. B. M. 1989.Peacemaking Among Primates. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  18. de Waal, F. B. M. 1993. Reconciliation among primates: a review of empirical evidence and theoretical issues. In:Primate Social Conflict,Mason,W. A.;Mendoza,S. P. (eds.), SUNY Press, Albany, pp. 111–144.Google Scholar
  19. de Waal, F. B. M.;Ren, R. 1988. Comparison of the reconciliation behavior of stumptail and rhesus macaques.Ethology, 78: 129–142.Google Scholar
  20. de Waal, F. B. M.;van Roosmalen, A. 1979. Reconciliation and consolation among chimpanzees.Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol., 5: 55–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. de Waal, F. B. M.;Yoshihara, D. 1983. Reconciliation and redirected affection in rhesus monkeys.Behaviour, 85: 224–241.Google Scholar
  22. York, A. D.;Rowell, T. E. 1988. Reconciliation following aggression in patas monkeys,Erythrocebus patas.Anim. Behav., 36: 502–509.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Center 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larissa Swedell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyColumbia UniversityNew YorkU. S. A.

Personalised recommendations