Advertisement

Primates

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 335–349 | Cite as

Responses of a transplanted troop of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) to bobcat (Lynx rufus) predation

  • Harold Gouzoules
  • Linda M. Fedigan
  • Larry Fedigan
Short Communication

Abstract

A series of encounters between a transplanted troop of Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata) and one or more bobcats (Lynx rufus) is described. One incident of predation was observed and four additional cases assumed. Reactions of identified individuals and groups of monkeys as well as general troop reactions are noted. The effects of breeding season behavior, troop size, differences in mother care, behavior of the bobcat, and the structure of the south Texas environment are explored. After the observed predation incident, intervention by the researchers affected the behavior of the monkeys and the bobcat, and reduced encounters.

Keywords

Breeding Season Animal Ecology Additional Case Japanese Macaque Japanese Monkey 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Altmann, S. A. &J. Altmann, 1970.Baboon Ecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  2. Barash, D., 1971. Cooperative hunting in the lynx.J. Mammology, 52.Google Scholar
  3. Bernstein, I. S., 1964a. Role of the dominant male rhesus monkey in response to external challenges to the group.J. comp. Physiol. Psych., 57: 404–406.Google Scholar
  4. ————, 1964b. A field study of the activities of howler monkeys.Anim. Behav., 12: 92–97.Google Scholar
  5. ————, 1966a. An investigation of the organization of pigtail monkey groups through the use of challenges.Primates, 7: 471–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. ————, 1966b. Analysis of a key role in a capuchin (Cebus albifrons) group.Tulane Studies in Zoology, 13: 49–54.Google Scholar
  7. ———— &L. G. Sharpe, 1966. Social roles in a rhesus monkey group.Behaviour, 26: 91–104.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Chance, M. R. A., 1961. The nature and special features of the distinctive social bond on primates. In:The Social Life of Early Man,S. L. Washburn (ed.), Aldine, Chicago.Google Scholar
  9. ————, 1963. The social bond of the primates.Primates, 4(4): 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. ———— &C. J. Jolly, 1970.Social Groups of Monkeys, Apes and Men. Thames & Hudson, London.Google Scholar
  11. DeVore, I. &K. R. L. Hall, 1965. Baboon social behavior. In:Primate Behavior,I. DeVore (ed.), Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Eisenberg, J. F., N. A. Muckenhirn, &R. Rudran, 1972. The relation between ecology and social structure in primates.Science, 176: 863–874.Google Scholar
  13. Gartlan, J. S., 1968. Structure and function in primate society.Folia. primat., 8: 89–120.Google Scholar
  14. Haddow, A. J., 1952. Field and laboratory studies on an african monkey,Cercopithecus ascanius schmidti Matschie.Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 122: 297–394.Google Scholar
  15. Hall, K. R. L., 1964. Aggression in monkey and ape societies. In:Primates: Studies in Adaptation and Variability,P. C. Jay (ed.), Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Hazama, N., 1964. Weighing wild Japanese monkeys in Arashiyama.Primates, 5: 81–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hinde, R. A., 1971. Development of social behavior. In:Behavior of Non-human Primates, Vol. III,A. M. Schrier &F. Stollnitz (eds.), Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Itani, J., 1963. Vocal communication of the wild Japanese monkey.Primates, 4: 11–66.Google Scholar
  19. Izawa, K. &T. Nishida, 1963. Monkeys living in the northern limits of their distribution.Primates, 4: 67–88.Google Scholar
  20. Koyama, N., 1967. On dominance rank and kinship of a wild Japanese monkey troop in Arashiyama.Primates, 8: 189–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. ————, 1970. Changes in dominance rank and division of a wild Japanese monkey troop in Arashiyama.Primates, 11: 335–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kummer, H., 1971.Primate Societies. Aldine, Chicago.Google Scholar
  23. Kuroda, N., 1939. Distribution of mammals in the Japanese empire.J. Mammology, 20: 37–50.Google Scholar
  24. Lindburg, D. G., 1971. The rhesus monkey in north India. An ecological and behavioral study. In:Primate Behavior,L. A. Rosenblum (ed.), Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  25. Norikoshi, K., 1971. Tests to determine the responsiveness of free-ranging Japanese monkeys in food-getting situations.Primates, 12: 113–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pollack, E. M., 1951. Food habits of the bobcat in the new England states.J. Wildlife Management, 12: 209–213.Google Scholar
  27. Schaller, G., 1967.The Deer and the Tiger. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  28. Suzuki, A., 1972. On the problems of the conservation of the Japanese monkey on the Boso Peninsula Japan.Primates, 13: 333–336.Google Scholar
  29. Tokuda, K., 1961. A study on the sexual behavior in the Japanese monkey troop.Primates, 3: 1–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Washburn, S. L. &I. DeVore, 1961. The social life of baboons.Scientific American, 204: 62–71.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold Gouzoules
    • 1
  • Linda M. Fedigan
    • 2
  • Larry Fedigan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonU. S. A.
  2. 2.University of Texas at AustinUSA
  3. 3.Texas A. & I. UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations