Primates

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 93–98 | Cite as

Tool-assisted predation on a squirrel by a female chimpanzee in the Mahale Mountains, Tanzania

  • Michael A. Huffman
  • Mohamedi Seifu Kalunde
Short Communication

Abstract

A 12-year-old female chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of M-Group in the Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania was seen to rouse, capture, and eat a squirrel hiding in the narrow hole of a tree. The kill was aided by the use of a sturdy tool modified from a branch of the same tree. This appears to be the first reported case for chimpanzees, or any other nonhuman primate, of tool-use that directly led to the capture of a mammalian prey species. This behavior is discussed in relation to possible factors contributing to the occurrence of tool-use in small mammal predation especially by females to exploit a low competition meat source.

Key Words

Pan troglodytes Tool-use Predation Sciuridae Adolescent female 

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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Huffman
    • 1
  • Mohamedi Seifu Kalunde
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Mahale Mountains Wildlife Research CenterKigomaTanzania

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