Primates

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 288–289 | Cite as

Species status of the black howler monkey,Alouatta pigra, of Belize

  • Robert H. Horwich
Short Communications

Abstract

Small troop sizes which averaged 5.23 members per troop and the early descent of male testes inAlouatta pigra show a marked difference fromA. palliata. These differences strengthenSmith's (1970) observations of morphological differences betweenA. pigra andA. palliata.

References

  1. Baldwin, J. D. &J. I. Baldwin, 1972. Population density and use of space in howling monkeys (Alouatta villosa) in southwestern Panama.Primates, 13: 371–379.Google Scholar
  2. Bernstein, I. S., 1964. A field study of the activities of howler monkeys.Anim. Behav., 12: 92–97.Google Scholar
  3. Bolin, I., 1981. Male parental behavior in black howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata pigra) in Belize and Guatemala,Primates, 22: 349–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carpenter, C. R., 1934, A field study of the behavior and social relations of howling monkeys (Alouatta palliata).Comp. Psychol. Monogr., 10: 1–168.Google Scholar
  5. ————, 1953. Grouping behavior of howling monkeys.Extrait Arch. Neederlandaises Zool., 10: 45–50.Google Scholar
  6. ————, 1962. Field studies of a primate population. In:Roots of Behavior,E. L. Bliss (ed.), Harper & Bros., New York, pp. 288–294.Google Scholar
  7. ————, 1965. The howlers of Barro Colorado Island. In:Primate Behavior,I. DeVore (ed.), Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, pp. 250–291.Google Scholar
  8. Coelho, A. M., L. S. Coelho, C. A. Bramblett, S. S. Bramblett &L. B. Quick, 1976. Ecology, population characteristics and sympatric association in primates: A socio-bioenergetic analysis of howler and spider monkeys in Tikal.Yrbk. Phys. Anthropol., 20: 96–135.Google Scholar
  9. Collias, N. E. &C. H. Southwick, 1952. A field study of population density and social organization in howling monkeys.Proceed. Amer. Phil. Soc., 96: 143–156.Google Scholar
  10. Gaulin, S. J. C., D. H. Knight &C. K. Gaulin, 1980. Local variance inAlouatta group size and food availability on Barro Colorado Island.Biotropica, 12: 137–143.Google Scholar
  11. Glander, K. E., 1980. Reproduction and population growth in free-ranging mantled howler monkeys.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 53: 25–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mittermeier, R. A., 1973. Group activity and population dynamics of the howler monkey on Barro Colorado Island.Primates, 14: 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Smith, J. D., 1970. The systematic status of the black howler monkey,Alouatta pigra Lawrence.J. Mammal., 51: 358–369.Google Scholar
  14. Thorington, R. W., R. Rudran &D. Mack, 1979. Sexual dimorphism ofAlouatta seniculus and observations on capture techniques. In:Vertebrate Ecology in the Northern Neotropics,J. F. Eisenberg (ed.), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 97–106.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert H. Horwich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Micro-ontogenetic Ethology and Macro-cosmological Ecology, Route 1Gays MillsUSA

Personalised recommendations