Preliminary analysis of numerical taxonomy of the genusSaguinus based on dental measurements
Although several investigations have been made from different viewpoints, the classification or interspecific relationships ofSaguinus still remain uncertain.
In the present study, we applied multivariate analysis methods to dental measurements of part ofSaguinus populations of sufficient sample size and obtained the following conclusions.Saguinus can be classified into two main groups: one consists ofS. oedipus andS. leucopus, and the other ofS. fuscicollis, S. nigricollis, S. labiatus, andS. mystax. Concerning the former group, the two subspecies ofS. oedipus, S. o. oedipus, andS. o. geoffroyi, show a close affinity with each other and also a close relationship toS. leucopus, while the latter group consists of two subgroups of species, one includingS. fuscicollis andS. nigricollis, and the other includingS. labiatus andS. mystax. The biological distance betweenS. oedipus oedipus andS. o. geoffroyi is slightly larger than that between the pairs ofS. fuscicollis andS. nigricollis and ofS. labiatus andS. mystax. Factor analysis revealed significant factors which could explain the differences among the seven maleSaguinus populations.
Taking all the results into account, it seems necessary to reconsider the phylogenetic relationships within the genusSaguinus.
Key WordsSaguinus Multivariate analysis Numerical taxonomy Dental measurements
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