Entomophaga

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 37–42 | Cite as

ACactoblastis [Lep.: Phycitidae] for the biological control ofEriocereus martinii [Cactaceae] in Australia

  • R. E. McFadyen
Article

Abstract

ACactoblastis sp. was found on Harrisia cactus (Eriocereus martinii Lab.) in north-eastern Argentina. In biology and life history it is similar toCactoblastis cactorum (Berg.) though attacking different cacti. Laboratory tests and field observations demonstrate that it will only damage plants in the sub-tribeCereanae of theCactaceae. It was approved for liberation in Queensland, Australia in August 1975 for the control ofEriocereus spp., and field releases were made in October 1978.

Résumé

Une nouvelle espèce deCactoblastis attaque les cactusEriocereus spp. dans le nord-est de l'Argentine. Sa biologie ressemble beaucoup à celle deCactoblastis cactorum, mais elle attaque d'autres types de cactus. Des expériences en laboratoire et des observations dans la nature montrent qu'elle ne nuit qu'aux plantes de la sous-tribu desCereanae de la famille desCactaceae. Elle a été approuvée pour la libération au Queensland, Australie, en août 1975, pour la lutte contreEriocereus spp., et on l'a lâché dans les champs en septembre 1978.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Dodd, A. P. — 1940. The Biological Campaign against Prickly Pear. —Gov't Printer, Brisbane, 177 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Greathead, D. J. — 1971. A Review of Biological Control in the Ethiopian Region. —Commonw. Inst. Biol. Control Tech. Comm., 5, 162 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Heinrich, C. — 1939. The cactus-feedingPhycitinae: A contribution towards a revision of the American Pyralidoid moths of the familyPhycitidae. —Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 86, 331–413.Google Scholar
  4. Mann, J. — 1967. The Harrisia Cactus. —Gov't Printer, Brisbane, 14 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Mann, J. — 1969. Cactus-feeding insects and mites. —U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull., 256, 158 pp.Google Scholar
  6. McFadyen, R. E. — 1979.Eriocereophaga humeridens [Col.: Curculionidae], a potential agent for the biological control ofEriocereus martinii [Cactaceae] in Australia. —Entomophaga, 24, 281–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. McFadyen, R. E. &Fidalgo, A. P. — 1976. Investigations onAlcidion cereicola [Col.: Cerambycidae] a potential agent for the biological control ofEriocereus martinii [Cactaceae] in Australia. —Entomophaga, 21, 103–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. McFadyen, R. E. & Tomley, A. J. — 1978. Preliminary indications of success in the biological control of Harrisia cactus (Eriocereus martinii Lab.) in Queensland. —Proc. 1st Conf. Council Austr. Weed Sci. Soc., 108–112.Google Scholar
  9. Simmonds, F. J. &Bennett, F. D. — 1966. Biological control ofOpuntia spp. byCactoblastis cactorum in the Leeward Islands (West Indies). —Entomophaga, 11, 183–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Wilson, F. — 1960. A review of the biological control of insects and weeds in Australia and Australian New Guinea. —Commonw. Inst. Biol. Control Tech. Comm., 1, 102 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Zwölfer, H. &Harris, P. — 1971. Host-specificity determination of insects for biological control of weeds. —Annu. Rev. Entomol., 16, 157–178.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Le François 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. E. McFadyen
    • 1
  1. 1.Commonwealth Institute of Biological ControlTucumanArgentina
  2. 2.Alan Fletcher Research StationSherwoodAustralia

Personalised recommendations