, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 73–81 | Cite as

Possibilities of biological control of mistletoes,Loranthus Spp., using oligophagous insects from Pakistan

  • M. Mushtaque
  • G. M. Baloch
Mémoire Originaux


Twenty seven species of insects and mites are associated withLoranthus spp. in Pakistan of which 12 insects appear to be restricted feeders. Of the latter, 6 species are extremely rare for reasons yet unknown while the remaining 6 occur in reasonable numbers and cause appreciable damage. The phenology, biology and host-specificity of 4 of these (Euzopherodes ephestialisHamps [Lep.: Pyralidae],Demarchus pubipennisJacoby[Col.: Chrysomelidae], Anarsia sagmaticaMeyr, [Lep.: Gelechiidae] andCeratitella asiaticaHardy [Dipt.: Tephritidae]) have been investigated and the insects found to be specific and potentially effective biocontrol agents. The other 2 (Delias eucharisDr. [Lep.: Pieridae] andZelleria loranthivoraMeyr. [Lep.: Yponomeutidae], have not as yet been so studied but they also seem to be specific and so promising natural enemies.


Plant Pathology Biological Control Natural Enemy Biocontrol Agent Reasonable Number 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Vingt-sept espèces d'insectes et d'acariens vivent surLoranthus spp. au Pakistan, parmi lesquels 12 insectes apparaissent être des consommateurs exclusifs. Six de ces espèces sont très rares pour des raisons inconnues tandis que les 6 autres sont en nombre appréciable et causent des dégâts notables. On a étudié la phénologie, la biologie et la spécificité de 4 de ces espèces:Euzopherodes ephestialisHamps.,(Lep.: Pyralidae); Demarchus pubipennisJacoby,(Col.: Chrysomelidae); Anarsia sagmaticaMeyr.,(Lep.: Gelechiidae) etCeratitella asiaticaHardy(Dipt.: Tephritidae). Elles ont été reconnues spécifiques et valables pour la lutte biologique contreLoranthus. Deux autres insectes (Delias eucharisDr. etZelleria loranthivoraMeyr.) ne sont pas encore suffisamment étudiés mais paraissent également spécifiques et pouvoir être utilisés en lutte biologique.


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Copyright information

© Le François 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Mushtaque
    • 1
  • G. M. Baloch
    • 1
  1. 1.Commonwealth Institute of Biological ControlPakistan StationRawalpindiPakistan

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