Advertisement

Plant and Soil

, Volume 105, Issue 2, pp 213–222 | Cite as

Effects of kelp (Macrocystis integrifolia) on soil chemical properties and crop response

  • W. D. Temple
  • A. A. Bomke
Article

Abstract

In 1981 a two-year field plot experiment was established to assess the effects of quantities (0, 7.5, 15, 30, 60 and 120 t ha−1) of fresh kelp (Macrocystis integrifolia) on crop growth and nutritional response and chemical properties of a fine-textured soil. Soil was analyzed for NO3−N, NH4−N, electrical conductivity, pH, Cl and exchangeable cations (K, Mg, Ca, Mn and Na). The plots were planted to beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) in the first year and peas (Pisum sativum) in the second year. Marketable bean yields increased in the first year with kelp applications up to 60 t ha−1, with yields, emergence and flowering being reduced by the 120 t ha−1 application. Soluble salts (EC) and Cl concentrations in the soil eight days after application increased linearly and sharply with increasing quantities of kelp. Increased K concentration and moisture content, characteristics of plants growing in a salt-stressed soil environment, were measured. A subsequent companion greenhouse experiment confirmed that the reduced bean emergence and growth with 120 t ha−1 applications of kelp were primarily due to soluble salts. The only growth effects upon peas in the second year was a slight reduction in leaf plus stem yields with increasing applications of kelp.

Key words

mineral nutrition Phaseolus vulgaris Pisum sativum salt stress seaweed soil organic amendment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bhivare V N and J D Nimbalkar 1984 Salts stress effects on growth and mineral nutrition of French beans. Plant and Soil 80, 91–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blake G R 1975 Bulk density (core method).In Methods of soil analysis. Vol. I, Agronomy 9, Ed. C A Black. pp 375–376. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, Wis.Google Scholar
  3. Bremner J M 1965 Total Nitrogen.In Methods of Soil Analysis. Vol. II. Agronomy 9, Ed. C A Black. pp 1171–1174. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, Wis.Google Scholar
  4. Chapman H D 1965a Total exchangeable bases.In C.A. Black, Methods of Soil Analysis. Vol. II. Agronomy 9, Ed. C A Black. pp 902–904. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, Wis.Google Scholar
  5. Chapman H D 1965b Cation Exchange Capacity. Methods of Soil Analysis. Vol. II. Agronomy 9. Ed. C A Black. pp 894–898. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, Wis.Google Scholar
  6. Chapman V J 1970 Seaweed and Their Uses. 2 nd ed. Mathison, Camelot Press Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  7. Hajrasuliha S 1980 Accumulation of toxicity of chloride in bean plants. Plant and Soil 55, 133–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jackson M L 1956 Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J.Google Scholar
  9. Jacoby B 1964 Function of bean roots and stems in sodium retention. Plant Physiol. 39, 445–449.Google Scholar
  10. Jansson S L 1971 Use of15N in Studies of Soil Nitrogen.In Biochemistry, Vol. 2 Ed. A D McLaren and I Skuyens. Marcell Dekker, Inc., N.Y.: 143.Google Scholar
  11. Leco Manual 1959 Instruction manual for operation of Leco Carbon-Analyser. Laboratory Equipment Corporation. St. Joseph, Mich.Google Scholar
  12. Lessani H and Marschner H 1978 Relation between salt tolerances and long distance transport of sodium and chloride in various crop species. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 5, 27–37.Google Scholar
  13. Levitt J 1980 Responses of Plants to Environmental Stresses. 2 nd edition; Vol. II. Academic Press. New York. pp 363–488.Google Scholar
  14. Luttmerding H 1981 Soils of Langley-Vancouver Map Area. RAB Bulletin 18, Report No. 15, British columbia Soil Survey, Vol. 3, Description of Soils. Ministry of Environment, Assessment and Planning Division. Kelowna, B.C. CanadaGoogle Scholar
  15. Maas E V, Ogata G and Garber M J 1972 Influence of salinity of Fe, Mn and Zn uptake by plants. Agron. J. 64, 793–795.Google Scholar
  16. Maas E V and Hoffman G J 1977 Crop salt tolerance — Current assessment. ASCE J. Irrig. Drain Div. 103, 115–134.Google Scholar
  17. Olsen S R and Dean L A 1965 Phosphorus.In Methods of Soil Analysis. Vol. II. Agronomy 9. Ed. C A Black. pp 1040–1041. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison. Wis.Google Scholar
  18. Orion Instruction Manual Orion Research, Inc., 380 Putnam Ave., Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  19. Parkinson J A and Allen S E 1975 A wet oxidation procedure suitable for the determination of nitrogen and nutrients in biological material. Commun. Soil Science Plant Analysis 6, 1–11.Google Scholar
  20. Patrick Z A 1971 Phytotoxic substances associated with the decomposition in soil of plant residues. Soil Sci. Vol. III, 13–18.Google Scholar
  21. Peech M 1965 Hydrogen ion activity.In Methods of Soil Analysis. Vol. II. Agronomy 9. Ed. C A Black. pp 920–923. Amer. Soc. of Agron., Madison, Wis.Google Scholar
  22. Stephenson W A 1968 Seaweeds in Agriculture and Horticulture. Faber and Faber, London: 231 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Sulphur Instruction Manual Fisher Model 475 Sulphur Analyzer. Fisher Scientific Company, 711 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, Penn.Google Scholar
  24. Technicon 1974a Technicon-Autoanalyzer II. Methodology of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in BD Acid digest. Industrial Method NO. 334-74A. Technicon Industrial Systems. Terrytown, N.Y.Google Scholar
  25. Technicon 1974b Technicon Autoanalyzer II. Ammoniacal Nitrogen/BD Digest. Industrial method No. 321-74A. Technicon Industrial Systems. Terrytown, N.Y.Google Scholar
  26. Technicon 1977 Technicon Autoanalyzer II. Nitrate and Nitrite in Soil Extracts. Industrial Method No. 487-77A. Technicon Industrial Systems. Terrytown, N.Y.Google Scholar
  27. Whyte J C M 1981 Compositional changes on freshwater leaching of the algaNereocystis luetkeana andMacrocystis integrifolia. Can. J. of Fish and Aquatic Sci. 38, 193–198.Google Scholar
  28. Wolf B 1974 Improvements in the Azomethine-H method for determination of boron. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Analysis 5, 39–44.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. D. Temple
    • 1
  • A. A. Bomke
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverB.C.Canada

Personalised recommendations