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Entomophaga

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 107–119 | Cite as

Results of the sixth joint pesticide testing programme of the IOBC/WPRS-working group «pesticides and beneficial organisms»

  • S. A. Hassan
  • F. Bigler
  • H. Bogenschütz
  • E. Boller
  • J. Brun
  • J. N. M. Calis
  • J. Coremans-Pelseneer
  • C. Duso
  • A. Grove
  • U. Heimbach
  • N. Helyer
  • H. Hokkanen
  • G. B. Lewis
  • F. Mansour
  • L. Moreth
  • L. Polgar
  • L. Samsøe-Petersen
  • B. Sauphanor
  • A. Stäubli
  • G. Sterk
  • A. Vainio
  • M. van de Veire
  • G. Viggiani
  • H. Vogt
Article

Abstract

The side effects of 5 insecticides, 8 fungicides and 6 herbicides on 24 species of beneficial organisms were tested by members of the Working Group «Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms» of the International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC), West Palaearctic Regional Section (WPRS). The tests were conducted by 24 members in 11 countries according to internationally approved guidelines.

The insecticide buprofezin (Applaud), the fungicides triforine (Saprol), procymidone (Sumisclex), anilazine (Dyrene), triadimenol (Bayfidan), hexaconazole (Anvil), tridemorph (Calixin) and the herbicides tralkoxydim (Grasp), bentazone (Basagran) were harmless to nearly all the beneficial organisms. Diflubenzuron (Dimilin) affected spiders and the larvae of predatory insects. The remaining 10 preparations were more toxic and should therefore be further tested in semi-field and field experiment on relevant organisms.

Key-words

pesticides side effects beneficial arthropods natural enemies parasitoids predators entomopathogenic fungi IOBC International Organization for Biological Control 

Résumé

Les effets secondaires de 5 insecticides, 8 fongicides et 6 herbicides sur 24 espèces auxiliaires ont été étudiés par les membres du Groupe de travail «Pesticides et Organismes utiles» de l'OILB, Organisation Internationale de Lutte biologique Section Régionale Ouest Paléarctique (SROP). Les tests ont été effectués par 24 participants appartenant à 11 pays, et selon des directives internationalement approuvées.

L'insecticide buprofézine (Applaud), les fongicides triforine (Saprol), promycidone (Sumisclex), anilazine (Dyrène), triademinol (Bayfidan), hexaconazole (Anvil), tridémorphe (Calixin) et les berbicides tralkoxydime (Grasp), bentazone (Basagran) se sont révélés sans danger pour presque tous les auxiliaires. Le diflubenzuron (Dimilin) avait un effet néfaste sur les araignées et les larves d'insectes prédateurs. Les 10 préparations restantes étaient plus toxiques et doivent donc faire l'objet d'autres essais sur les organismes utilisés.

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Copyright information

© Lavoisier Abonnements 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Hassan
    • 1
  • F. Bigler
  • H. Bogenschütz
  • E. Boller
  • J. Brun
  • J. N. M. Calis
  • J. Coremans-Pelseneer
  • C. Duso
  • A. Grove
  • U. Heimbach
  • N. Helyer
  • H. Hokkanen
  • G. B. Lewis
  • F. Mansour
  • L. Moreth
  • L. Polgar
  • L. Samsøe-Petersen
  • B. Sauphanor
  • A. Stäubli
  • G. Sterk
  • A. Vainio
  • M. van de Veire
  • G. Viggiani
  • H. Vogt
  1. 1.Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land- und ForstwirtschaftInstitut für biologischen PflanzenschutzDarmstadt

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