Mother-daughter dominance reversals in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta)
- 56 Downloads
The dominance relations in a newly formed group of rhesus monkeys were monitored routinely for eight years, using as an indicator of relative rank the outcome of dyadic aggressive encounters. These compound-living animals exhibited a stable linear dominance order, with male and female juveniles assuming ranks just below their mothers. In contrast to previous observations, each of the nine females whose first-born was a daughter was bypassed in rank by one or more of her daughters in the daughter's menarchal year. These changes in status have remained stable and are considered permanent. A brief description of a typical rank reversal sequence is provided.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Alexander, B. K., 1968. The social behavior of Japanese macaques in the corral.Primate News, 6: 1–10.Google Scholar
- ————, 1969. Social organization of a troop of Japanese monkeys in a two-acre enclosure.Folia Primat., 10: 230–242.Google Scholar
- Angst, W., 1975. Basic data and concepts on the social organization ofMacaca fascicularis.Primate Behav., 4: 325–388.Google Scholar
- Bernstein, I. S., 1968. Social status of two hybrids in a wild troop ofMacaca irus.Folia Primat., 8: 121–131.Google Scholar
- Kawai, M., 1965. On the system of social ranks in a natural troop of Japanese monkeys: I. Basic rank and dependent rank. In:Japanese Monkeys,S. A. Altmann (ed.), pp. 66–86 [Originally appeared inPrimates, 1: 111–130 (1958)].Google Scholar
- Kawamura, S., 1965. Matriarchal social ranks in the Minoo-B troop: A study of the rank system of Japanese monkeys. In:Japanese Monkeys,S. A. Altmann (ed.), pp. 105–112 [Originally appeared inPrimates, 1: 149–156 (1958)].Google Scholar
- Kurland, J. A., 1977.Kin Selection in the Japanese Monkey. Contributions to Primatology, Vol. 12, S. Karger, Basel.Google Scholar
- Loy, J., 1975. The descent of dominance inMacaca: Insight into the structure of human societies. In:Socioecology and Psychology of Primates,R. H. Tuttle (ed.), Mouton Publishers, The Hague, pp. 153–180.Google Scholar
- Sade, D. S., 1967. Determinants of dominance in a group of free-ranging rhesus monkeys. In:Social Communication Among Primates,S. A. Altmann (ed.), Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 99–114.Google Scholar
- Vessey, S. H., 1971. Free-ranging rhesus monkeys: Behavioural effects of removal, separation and reintroduction of group members.Behaviour, 40: 216–227.Google Scholar