Primates

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 1–34

Phylogenetic and population systematics of the Mangabeys (primates: Cercopithecoidea)

  • Colin P. Groves
Article

Abstract

On the basis of original craniological studies, it is concluded that recently published claims based on blood proteins that the Mangabeys are diphletic are valid, and it is proposed to divide them into two distinct genera:Cercocebus (with three species:torquatus (includingatys),agilis, andgaleritus), which belongs to the Cercocebini but has a somewhat isolated position in this tribe, andLophocebus (with one species,albigena: includingaterrimus as a subspecies), which is closer toPapio. The inter-relationships within each genus are discussed, with particular reference to the problem of subspeciesvs. allopatric species. A new subspecies is named and described,Lophocebus albigena osmani, and the anomalous position of the poorly-known subspeciesL.a. opdenboschi is extensively discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, J. A., 1925. Primates collected by the American Museum Congo expedition.Bull. Amer. Mus. N.H., 47: 283–499.Google Scholar
  2. Andrews, P., C. P. Groves, &J. F. M. Horne, 1975. Ecology of the lower Tana River flood plain.J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. Nat. Mus., 151: 1–31.Google Scholar
  3. Ardito, G. & J. Mortelmans, 1975. Cytology of the Cercopithecidae: the banding pattern ofCercopithecus nigroviridis Pocock, 1907.Google Scholar
  4. Barnicot, N. A. &D. Hewett-Emmett, 1972. Red cell and serum proteins ofCercocebus, Presbytis, Colobus and certain other species.Folia primat., 17: 442–457.Google Scholar
  5. ————, 1970. Protein structure and the systematics of Old World monkeys. In:The Old World Monkeys,J. R. Napier &P. H. Napier (eds.), Academic Press, New York & London, pp. 227–260.Google Scholar
  6. Bernstein, I. S., 1970. Primate status hierarchies.Primate Behavior, 1: 71–109.Google Scholar
  7. ————, 1971. The influence of introductory techniques on the formation of captive mangabey groups.Primates, 12: 33–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Booth, A. H., 1956. The Cercopithecidae of the Gold and Ivory Coasts: geographic and systematic observations.Ann. Mag. N.H., 12(9): 476–480.Google Scholar
  9. Chalmers, N. R., 1968a. Group composition ecology and daily activities of free-living mangabeys in Uganda.Folia primat., 8: 247–262.Google Scholar
  10. ————, 1968b. The social behaviour of free-living mangabeys.loc. cit., 8: 263–281.Google Scholar
  11. ————, 1971. Behaviour and female reproductive cycles in a captive group of mangabeys.Folia primat., 14: 1–14.Google Scholar
  12. Cronin, J. C. &V. M. Sarich, 1976. Molecular evidence for dual origin of mangabeys among Old World monkeys.Nature, 260: 700–702.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Delson, E., 1973. Fossil colobine monkeys of the Circum-Mediterranean region and the evolutionary history of the Cercopithecidae. PhD, Columbia University: University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich.Google Scholar
  14. Dobroruka, L. J. &J. Badalec, 1966. Zur Artbildung der Mangaben GattungCercocebus (Cercopithecidae, Primates).Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 73: 345–350.Google Scholar
  15. Dorst, J. &P. Dandelot, 1970.A Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Africa. Collins, London 287pp.Google Scholar
  16. Gartlan, J. S. &T. T. Struhsaker, 1972. Polyspecific associations and niche separation of rain-forest anthropoids in Cameroon, West Africa.J. Zool. Lond., 168: 221–266.Google Scholar
  17. Gautier, J-P., 1971. Etude morphologique et fonctionelle des annèxes extralaryngées des Cercopithecinae: liason avec des cris d'espacement.Biol. Gabon., 7: 229–267.Google Scholar
  18. ————, 1969. Les associations polyspécifiques chez les Cercopithecidae du Gabon.Terre et Vie, 23: 164–201.Google Scholar
  19. Gautier-Hion, A., 1966, L'écologie et l'éthologie du TalapoinMiopithecus talapoin.Biol Gabon, 2: 311–329.Google Scholar
  20. ————, 1976. Dimorphisme sexuel et organisation sociale chez les Cercopithecidés forestiers africains.Mammalia, 39: 365–374.Google Scholar
  21. Groves, C. P, P. Andrews, &J. F. M. Horne, 1974. Tana River Colobus and Mangabey.Oryx, 12: 565–575.Google Scholar
  22. Happold, D. C. D., 1973. The red crowned mangabey,Cercocebus torquatus, in Western Nigeria.Folia primat., 20: 423–428.Google Scholar
  23. Hill, W. C. O., 1974.Primates: Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy, VII. Cynopithecinae. Edinburgh University Press, xxi 934 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Hladik, C. M., 1967. Surface rélative du tractus digestif de quelques primates, morphologie des villosités intestinales et corrélations avec la régime altimentaire.Mammalia, 31: 120–147.Google Scholar
  25. Homewood, K., 1975a, Monkey on a riverbank.Nat. Hist. (N.Y.), 84: 68–73.Google Scholar
  26. ————, 1975b Can the Tana mangabey survive?Oryx, 13: 53–59.Google Scholar
  27. Jolly, C. J., 1966. Introduction to the Cercopithecoidea with notes on their use as laboratory animals.Symp. zool. Soc. Lond., 17: 427–457.Google Scholar
  28. Jones, C. &J. Sabater Pi, 1968. Comparative ecology ofCercocebus albigena (Grey) andCercocebus torquatus (Kerr) in Rio Muni, West Africa.Folia primat., 9: 99–113.Google Scholar
  29. Lorenz, von Liburnau, 1917. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Affen und Halbaffen von Zentralafrika.Ann. Naturh, Hofmus. Wien, 31: 169–241.Google Scholar
  30. Lydekker, R., 1900a. On a remarkable new species of mangabey-like monkeys (Cercocebus chrysogaster).Novit. Zool., 7: 279–280.Google Scholar
  31. ————, 1900b. Note on two mangabey-like monkeys (Cercocebus hagenbecki andSemnocebus albigena rothschildi) now living in the menagerie of the Zoological Society.Novit. Zool., 7: 593–596.Google Scholar
  32. Machado, A. de Barros, 1969. Mámiferos de Angola ainda não citados ou poueo conhecidos.Publ. Cult, Co. Diam. Angola, Lisbon, 46: 93–232.Google Scholar
  33. Matschie, P., 1914. Neue Affen aus Mittelafrika.S.B. Ges. naturf. Fr. Berlin, 1913: 323–342.Google Scholar
  34. Napier, J. R. &P. H., Napier, 1967.Handbook of Living Primates. Academic Press, London/N.Y. xiv+456 pp.Google Scholar
  35. Quris, R., 1973. Emmissions sonores servant au maintien du groupe social chezCercocebus galeritus agilis.Terre et Vie, 27: 232–267.Google Scholar
  36. ————, 1975. Ecologie et organisation sociale deCercocebus galeritus agilis dans le nordest du Gabon.Terre et Vie, 29: 337–398.Google Scholar
  37. Rowell, T. E., 1972.Social Behaviour of Monkeys. Penguin, London, 203 pp.Google Scholar
  38. ————, 1970. Reproductive cycles of the mangabey,Cercocebus albigena.Folia primat., 12: 264–272.Google Scholar
  39. Sabater Pi, J., &C. Jones, 1968. Notes on the distribution and ecology of the Higher primates of Rio Muni, West Africa.Tulane Stud. Zool., 14: 101–109.Google Scholar
  40. Schouteden, H., 1944. Note sur deux singes nouveaux du Congo Belge.Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 38: 192–196.Google Scholar
  41. ————, 1947. Die Zoogdieren van Belgisch Congo en van Ruanda-Urundi.Ann. Mus. Congo. Belge, C. Zool., 2 (3): 1–576.Google Scholar
  42. Schwarz, E., 1910. OnCercocebus aterrimus andCercocebus albigena.Ann. Mag. N.H., 8 (5): 527–530.Google Scholar
  43. ————, 1911. Ueber einige Mangaben.S.B. Ges. nayurf. Fr. Berlin, 1910: 452–459.Google Scholar
  44. ————, 1928. The species of the genusCercocebus,E. Geoffroy.Ann. Mag. N. H., 10(1): 664–670.Google Scholar
  45. Scruton, D. M. &J. Herbert, 1970. The menstrual cycle and its effect on behaviour in the Talapoin monkey (Miopithecus talapoin).J. Zool. Lond., 162: 419–436.Google Scholar
  46. Struhsaker, T. T., 1969. Correlates of ecology and social organisation among African Cercopithecines.Folia primat., 11: 80–118.Google Scholar
  47. Tappen, N. C., 1960. Problems of distribution and adaptation of the African monkeys.Current Anthropology, 1: 91–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Thorington, R. W. &C. P. Groves, 1970. An annoted classification of the Cercopithecoidea. In:The Old World Monkeys,I., J. R. Napier &P. H. Napier (eds.), Academic Press, New York & London.Google Scholar
  49. Verheyen, W. N., 1962. Contribution à la craniologie comparée des Primates: les genresColobus Illiger 1811 etCercopithecus Linne 1758.Ann kon. Mus. MiddenafrikaZool., 105, ix+255 pp.Google Scholar
  50. Waser, P. M., 1975a. Experimental playbacks show vocal mediation of intergroup avoidance in a forest monkey.Nature, 255: 56–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. ————, 1975b. Monthly variations in feeding and activity patterns of the mangabeyCercocebus albigena (Lydekker).E. Afr. Wildl. J., 13: 249–263.Google Scholar
  52. ————, 1974. Ranging patterns of the Mangabey,Cercocebus albigena, in the Kibale Forest, Uganda.Z. Tierpsychol., 35: 85–101.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colin P. Groves
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Prehistory and AnthropologyThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations