Physical conditions of propagation media and their influence on the rooting of cuttings
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The air content in three types of propagation media, Jiffy-7 and Jiffy-9 which are Sphagnum peat and Grodan which is rockwool, were investigated when they were held at moisture tensions of 0,6 and 12 cm measured from the base of the media. At 0 cm tension the air content (vol. %) was highest in Jiffy-9 and lowest in Jiffy-7. At 12 cm tension the air content was higher in Grodan than in Jiffy-9 and Jiffy-7.
Oxygen diffusion coefficients (ODC) and oxygen diffusion rates (ODR) were measured at the different air contents. At air contents below 20 vol. % ODC was about the same for Jiffy-9 and Grodan but at air contents above 20 vol.% it was larger for Jiffy-9 than for Grodan. The oxygen diffusion rate was measured at 0, 4 and 8 cm moisture tension. At all tensions it was approximately 20% higher in Jiffy-9 than in Grodan and Jiffy-7. The ODR in Jiffy-7 and Grodan were affected equally at the same tension, although Grodan contained more air.
Key wordsAir content Cuttings Moisture tensions Oxygen diffusion Peat Propagation media Rockwool Root formation
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