, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 343–352 | Cite as

Infection of the Eastern Subterranean Termite,Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) with the fungusBeauveria bassiana(Balsamo) Vuill.

  • Li-Li Bao
  • W. G. Yendol


Observations were made on the histopathology of the eastern subterranean termite,Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) infected with the fungusBeauveria bassiana(Balsamo) Vuill. Initial symptoms of infected termites were sluggishness, anal discharge, passivity, and failure to respond to tactile stimuli. Infected fifth instar worker termites changed from a healthy creamy color to a light brown.

Penetration of the integument by germ tubes ofB. bassiana occurred as early as 16 hours after inoculation. Infection through the digestive tract also resulted. Following penetration of the integument the fungus attacked the fat body, then the nervous tissue and finally the musculature.


Plant Pathology Digestive Tract Nervous Tissue Germ Tube Initial Symptom 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Des observations ont été effectuées sur l’histopathologie du termite souterrain des régions orientales,Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) infecté par le champignonBeauveria bassiana(Balsamo) Vuill. Les symptômes initiaux des termites infectés sont l’inertie, l’excrétion anale, la passivité et l’absence de réponse aux stimuli tactiles. Les ouvriers infectés du 5e stade passent de la couleur crème normale au brun clair.

La pénétration du tégument par les tubes germinatifs deB. bassiana commence dès 16 heures après l’inoculation. L’infection par le tube digestif est également obtenue. Après la pénétration à travers le tégument, le champignon attaque le corps adipeux, puis le tissu nerveux et finalement la musculature.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alston, R. A. — 1947. A fungus parasitic onCoptotermes curvignathus Holingr. —Nature,160, 120.Google Scholar
  2. Beal, R. H. &Kais, A. G. — 1962. Apparent infection of subterranean termites byAspergillus flavus Link. —J. Insect Pathol.,4, 448–489.Google Scholar
  3. Becker, V. G. &Kerner-Gang, W. — 1964. Schädigung und Förderung von Termiten durch Schimmelpilze. —Z. ang. Ent.,53, 429–448.Google Scholar
  4. Buchli, R. R. — 1951.Antennopsis gallica, a new parasite on termites. —Trans. 9th Int. Cong. Ent. Amsterdam,1, 519–524.Google Scholar
  5. Burnside, C. E. — 1930. Fungous diseases of the honeybee. —U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull., 144, 43 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Gabriel, B. P. — 1959. Fungus infection of insects via the alimentary tract. —J. Insect Pathol.,1, 319–330.Google Scholar
  7. Glasser, R. W. — 1926. The green muscardine disease in silkworm and its control. —Ann. ent. Soc. Am.,19, 180–192.Google Scholar
  8. Gray, P. — 1954 The microtomist’s formulary and guide. —Blakiston Co., New York, 794 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Hendee, E. C. — 1933. The association of the termites,Kalotermes minor, Reticulitermes hesperus, andZootermopsis angusticollis with fungi. —University Calif. Pub. Zool.,39, 111–134.Google Scholar
  10. Kevorkian, A. G. — 1937. Studies inEntomophthoraceae. I. Observations on the genusConidiobolus. —J. Agr. Univ. Puerto Rico,21, 191–200.Google Scholar
  11. Lefebvre, C. L. — 1934. Penetration and development of the fungusBeauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. in the tissue of the corn borer. —Ann. of Botany,48, 441–452.Google Scholar
  12. Leong, L. H. K. — 1966. Infection of the Formosan subterranean termitesCoptotermes formosanus Shiraki by the fungus,Metarrhizium anisopliae (Metch.) Sorokin. —Master Degree Thesis, Univ. Hawaii, Dept. Entomol.Google Scholar
  13. Lund, A. E. &Engelhard, N. T. — 1962. Subterranean termitesAbsidia coerulea Bainer (Mucorales). —J. Insect Pathol.,4, 131–132.Google Scholar
  14. Romeis, B. — 1948. Microskopische Technik. — 15th Rev.,Ed. Leibniz, Munich, 695 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Sannasi, A. — 1969a. Studies of an insect mycosis. I. Histopathology of the integument of the infected queen of the mound-building termiteOdontotermes obesus. —J. Invertebrate Pathol.,13, 4–10.Google Scholar
  16. — — 1969b. Studies of an insect mycosis. II. Biochemical changes in the blood of the queen of the mound-building termiteOdontotermes obesus accompanying fungal infection. —J. Invertebrate Pathol.,13, 11–14.Google Scholar
  17. Sawyer, W. H. — 1933. The development ofEntomophthora sphaerosperma uponRhopobota vacciniana. —Ann. of Botany,47, 799–810.Google Scholar
  18. Speare, A. T. — 1920. Further studies ofSorosporella uvella, a fungous parasite of noctuid larvae. —J. agr. Research,18, 399–439.Google Scholar
  19. Steinhaus, E. A. &Marsh, G. A. — 1962. Report of diagnosis of diseased insects, 1951–1961. —Hilgardia,33, 349–490.Google Scholar
  20. Sussman, A. S. — 1951. Studies of an insect mycosis. I. Etiology of the disease. —Mycologia 43, 338–350.Google Scholar
  21. — — 1952. Studies of an insect mycosis. III. Histopathology of an aspergillosis ofPlatysamia cecropia L. —Ann. ent. Soc. Am.,45, 233–245.Google Scholar
  22. Tate, P. C. — 1927. OnEctomyces calòtermes, n. g., n. sp. and Ascomycete parasitic onCalotermes samonus Holngren,Isoptera, Protermitidae. —Parasitol.,19, 54–60.Google Scholar
  23. — — 1928. Note on theEctomyces andTermitaria fungi parasitic on termites. —Parasitol.,20, 77–78.Google Scholar
  24. Toumanoff, C. — 1928. Au sujet de l’Aspergillomycose des abeilles. —Ann. Parasitol., Humaine et Comp.,9, 462–482.Google Scholar
  25. — — 1965. Action de divers champignons entomophages surReticulitermes santonensis. —Ann. Parasitol., Humaine et Comp.,40, 611–624.Google Scholar
  26. Ullyett, G. C. &Schonken, D. B. — 1940. A fungus disease ofPlutella maculipennis Curt., in South Africa, with notes on the use of entomogenous fungi in insect control. —Union South Afr. Dept. Agr. Forest. Science Bull.,218, 1–24.Google Scholar
  27. Yen, D. F. — 1962. AnEntomophthora infection in the larvae of the tiger moth,Creatonotus gangis (Linnaeus). —J. Insect Pathol.,4, 88–94.Google Scholar
  28. Yendol, W. G. &Paschke, J. D. — 1965. Pathology of anEntomophthora infection in the eastern subterranean termite,Reticulitermes flavipes. —J. Invertebrate Pathol.,7, 414–422.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Le François 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-Li Bao
    • 1
  • W. G. Yendol
    • 1
  1. 1.Pesticide Research Laboratory and Graduate Study Center and Department of EntomologyThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations