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Geologische Rundschau

, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 554–566 | Cite as

Late Quaternary sediment dating and quantification of lateral sediment redistribution applying230Thex: a study from the eastern Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean

  • M. Frank
  • A. Mangini
  • R. Gersonde
  • M. Rutgers van der Loeff
  • G. Kuhn
Original Paper

Abstract

High-resolution records of the natural radionuclide230Th were measured in sediments from the eastern Atlantic sector of the Antarctic circumpolar current to obtain a detailed reconstruction of the sedimentation history of this key area for global climate change during the late Quaternary. High-resolution dating rests on the assumption that the230Thex flux to the sediments is constant. Short periods of drastically increased sediment accumulation rates (up to a factor of 8) were determined in the sediments of the Antarctic zone during the climate optima at the beginning of the Holocene and the isotope stage 5e. By comparing expected and measured accumulation rate of230Thex, lateral sediment redistribution was quantified and vertical particle rain rates originating from the surface water above were calculated. We show that lateral contributions locally were up to 6.5 times higher than the vertical particle rain rates. At other locations only 15% of the expected vertical particle rain rate were deposited.

Key words

High-resolution dating 230Thex constant flux models Sediment focusing Sediment winnowing Particle flux reconstruction 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Frank
    • 1
  • A. Mangini
    • 1
  • R. Gersonde
    • 2
  • M. Rutgers van der Loeff
    • 2
  • G. Kuhn
    • 2
  1. 1.Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, INF 366HeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung, ColumbusstrasseBremerhavenGermany

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