Advertisement

Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 217–225 | Cite as

The response of compact bone in tension at various strain rates

  • R. D. Crowninshield
  • M. H. Pope
Article

Abstract

The paper examines the behavior of anisotropic compact bone in tension at a range of strain rates. Specimens of fresh bovine bone were loaded at strain rates between. 001 and 200 sec−1. This bone was shown to exhibit considerable plasticity throughout the range, except when tested in a direction normal to the long axis. The modulus of elasticity, breaking stress and breaking strain were found to vary with strain rate. There is a maximum energy absorbtion capability at a strain rate of .1 sec−1.

Keywords

Maximum Energy Compact Bone Bovine Bone Breaking Strain Considerable Plasticity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ascenzi, A., andBonucci, E. The ultimate tensile strength of single osteons.Acta Anatomica 1964,58, 160–183.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Burstein, A. H. et al. The biomechanics of torsional fractures: The effect of loading on ultimate properties. Am. Soc. Med. Engineers Annual Meeting 70-WA BFH-9 1970.Google Scholar
  3. Currey, J. D. Anelasticity in bone and echinderm skeletons.Journal of Experimental Biology 1965,43, 279.Google Scholar
  4. Currey, J. D. The mechanical properties of bone.Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1970,73, 210, 231.Google Scholar
  5. Evans, F. G., andLebow, M. (1952) The strength of human compact bone revealed by engineering technics,American Journal of Surgery 1952,83, 326.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Evans, F. G., andLebow, M. Regional differences in some of the physical properties of the human femur.Journal of Applied Physiology 1954,3, 563–572.Google Scholar
  7. Evans, F. G., Relations between the microscopic structure and the tensile strength of human bone.Acta Anatomica 35, 285–301.Google Scholar
  8. McElhaney, J. Dynamic response of bone and muscle tissue,Journal of Applied Physiology 1966,21, 1231–1236.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Panjabi, M. M., White, A. A., Mand Southwick, W. O., Mechanical properties of bone as a function of rate of deformation,Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1973, 55A,2, 322–330.Google Scholar
  10. Pope, M. H., and Murphy, M., Fracture energy of bone in a shear mode. Pending publication inMed. & Biol. Eng. (1974).Google Scholar
  11. Rauber, Elasticitat und festiskeit der knochen. Leipzig, quoted by Messerer (1880).Google Scholar
  12. Wertheim, M. G., Memoire sur l'elasticite et la cohesion des principaux tissues du corps humain.Annales Chimie et de Physique 1847,21, 385–414.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Press, Inc. 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. D. Crowninshield
    • 1
  • M. H. Pope
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of VermontVermontBurlington
  2. 2.Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of VermontBurlington

Personalised recommendations