Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 213–224 | Cite as

Tropical veterinary surgery

  • A. Littlejohn


Environmental variables affecting anaesthesia and surgery in the tropics are defined and discussed. It was concluded that the practical application of anaesthetic techniques in the tropics requires a wider appreciation of the physical environment than in temperate zones but there is no evidence that changes of either latitude or altitude have any effect on the principles of anaesthesia and surgery. The implications of these conclusions with regard to surgical practice and veterinary education are discussed.


Public Health Environmental Variable Veterinary Medicine Physical Environment Temperate Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Les facteurs variables affectant l’anesthésie de la chirurgie sous les tropiques sont définis et discutés. On conclut que l’application pratique de techniques d’anesthésie sous les tropiques exige une appréciation plus étendue du milieu physique que dans les zones tempérées, mais il n’y a pas de preuve que des changements, soit en latitude, soit en altitude, ont un effet quelconque sur les principes de l’anesthésie et de la chirurgie. Les implications de ces conclusions par rapport à la pratique chirurgicale et l’éducation vétérinaire sont discutées.


Se discuten y definen variables ambientales que afectan la anestecia y la cirugia en los trópicos. Se concluyó que la aplicación práctica de las técnicas de anestecia en los trópicos requiere de una apreciación mas amplia del ambiente físico que en las zonas temperadas, pero no hay evidencia de que los cambios en altitud ó latitud, tengan algún efecto sobre los principios de anestecia y cirugía. Se discuten las implicaciones de estas conclusiones con referencia a la práctica de la cirugía y la educación veterinaria.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abrams, J. T. (1961).Animal Nutrition and Veterinary Dietetics. Chapter 26. W. Green & Son Ltd., Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  2. Adolph, E. F. (1947).Physiology of Man in the Desert. Interscience Publishers Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, D. E. &Skinner, P. E. (1961). ‘Studies on bovine ocular squamous carcinoma (“Cancer Eye”). XI. Effects of sunlight’.Journal of Animal Science 20, 474–477.Google Scholar
  4. Barnett, S. F. (1961). ‘The control of ticks on livestock’. FAO Agricultural Studies, No. 54, p. 3, FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
  5. Basson, P. A., Pienaar, J. G. &van der Westhuizen, B. (1969). ‘The pathology of ephemeral fever: a study of the experimental disease in cattle’.Journal of the South African Veterinary Medical Association,40, 385–397.Google Scholar
  6. Bianca, W. (1966). ‘The impact of the atmospheric environment on the integument of domestic animals’.Biometeorology,3, 83–102. Swets and Zeitlinger. N.V. Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  7. Bushland, R. C. (1960). ‘Screw-worm research and eradication’.Advances in Veterinary Science, Vol. 6. Academic Press, New York and London.Google Scholar
  8. Colson, Elizabeth (1951). ‘Native cultural and social patterns in contemporary Africa’.Africa Today. Editor C. G. Haines. John Hopkins Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  9. Ernsting, J. (1966). ‘The effects of hypoxia upon human performance and the electroencephalogram’.Oxygen measurements in blood and tissues, pp. 245–270. J. & A. Churchill Ltd. London.Google Scholar
  10. Fraser, A. F. (1970). ‘Studies on heat stress in pigs in a tropical environment’.Tropical Animal Health and Production,2, 175–181.Google Scholar
  11. Gordon, H. McL. (1950). ‘Some aspects of parasitic gastro-enteritis of sheep’.Australian Veterinary Journal,26, 14–28.Google Scholar
  12. Graham-Marr, T. &Spreull, J. S. A. (1969). ‘Disinfection in veterinary practice’.New Zealand Veterinary Journal,17, 1–31.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Hall, L. W., Gillespie, J. R. &Tyler, W. S. (1968). ‘Alveolar-arterial oxygen tension differences in anaesthetised horses’.British Journal of Anaesthesia,40, 560–568.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Heitman, H., Hahn, L., Bond, T. C. &Kelly, C. F. (1962). ‘The effects of modified summer environment on swine behaviour’Animal Behaviour,10, 15–19.Google Scholar
  15. Heitman, H., Hughes, E. H. &Kelly, C. F. (1951). ‘Effects of elevated and ambient temperatures on pregnant sows’.Journal of Animal Science,10, 907–915.Google Scholar
  16. MacIntosh, R., Mushin, W. W. &Epstein, H. G. (1963).Physics for the Anaesthetist, pp. 93–97. Blackwell Scientific Publications Oxford.Google Scholar
  17. Plowright, W. (1955). ‘Malignant neoplasia of the oesophagus and rumen of cattle in Kenya’.Journal of Comparative Pathology and Therapeutics,65, 108–114.Google Scholar
  18. Quinlan, J., de Kock, G. &Marais, I. P. (1935). ‘The operation of splenectomy in horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, dogs and some South African antelopes: a summary of 98 splenectomies’.Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry,5, 273–303.Google Scholar
  19. Robinson, L. E. (1926). The genusAmblyomma, p. 2. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Shanklin, M. D., Leroy Hahn, G., Johnson, H. D. &Brown, W. H. (1966). ‘Rate of rectal temperature rise as an indicator of heat sensitivity’.Biometeorology,3, 245.Google Scholar
  21. Schuurmans Stekhoven, J. H. &Kreuzer, F. (1967). ‘Alveolar-arterial O2 and CO2 pressure differences in the anaesthetised, artificially ventilated dog’.Respiration Physiology,3, 177–191.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Snow, K. R. (1970). ‘The quantity of blood imbibed by Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum Koch 1844 (Ixodoidae, Ixodidae)’.Parasitology.,60, 53–60.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Sykes, G. (1965).Disinfection and Sterilisation. 2nd ed. Spon, London.Google Scholar
  24. Theiler, A. (1934). ‘The osteodystrophic diseases of domesticated animals’.Veterinary Journal,90, 143–206.Google Scholar
  25. Tjalma, R. A. (1963). Cancer Epizootiology. Proceedings of the World Veterinary Congress.Google Scholar
  26. Turk, R. D. (1963).Diseases of Cattle, p. 335. American Veterinary Publications, Santa Barbara, California.Google Scholar
  27. Udall, R. H. & Fu Ho Chen Chow (1969). ‘The etiology and control of urolithiasis’.Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine.Google Scholar
  28. Warthin, A. (1903). ‘The changes produced in the haemolymph glands of the sheep and goat by splenectomy’. Contributions to Medical Research, Dept. of Medicine and Surgery, University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  29. Williamson, G. &Payne, W. J. A. (1959).An introduction to Animal Husbandry in the Tropics. Longmans, London.Google Scholar
  30. World Directory of Veterinary Schools (1964). WHO, Geneva.Google Scholar
  31. World Health Organisation Technical Report Series (1963). Insecticide Resistance and Vector Control, pp. 206–217.Google Scholar
  32. Zumpt, F. (1965).Myiasis in man and animals in the Old World. Butterworths, London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© E. & S. Livingstone 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Littlejohn
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary StudiesUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK

Personalised recommendations