We investigated hemodynamics in the colonic mucosa of rats with experimental colitis induced by the administration of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). As parameters of hemodynamics, we determined the indices of mucosal hemoglobin concentration (IHb) and mucosal oxygen saturation (ISO2), measured by reflectance spectrophotometry, and an index of colonic mucosal blood flow (Flow), measured by laser-Doppler flowmetry. In the ascending colon, each parameter was measured by a combination of these methods after 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 days of DSS administration. Histopathological examination was also performed. IHb in the DSS group increased with time; on the 7th day, the value was 126.9±8.32, while that in the control group was 85.0±4.14, IHb in the DSS group being significantly increased (P<0.02). ISO2 in the DSS group was lower than that in the control group, and on the 7th day, was significantly lower in the DSS group (25.7±1.34) than in the control group (33.4±1.77) (P<0.01). No changes in Flow were observed in either the DSS or the control group during the administration period, and no significant difference in Flow was found between the two groups. On histopathological examination, we observed a time-dependent increase in the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the ascending colon of rats treated with DSS, but changes such as erosion and ulceration were not found in the superficial layer of the mucosa. No histopathological changes were found in the control animals. In the early phase of the experimental colitis, hemodynamic alterations in the colonic mucosa were already present at the time the slight histopathological changes developed. These observations seemed to indicate the involvement of hemodynamic alterations in the subsequent tissue injury.