The Urban Review

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 119–140 | Cite as

Waldorf education in an inner-city public school

  • Ray McDermott
  • Mary E. Henry
  • Cynthia Dillard
  • Paul Byers
  • Freda easton
  • Ida Oberman
  • Bruce Uhrmacher


In 1991, the first public Waldorf school was opened in the inner city of Milwaukee. Based on a week of observations by the authors, this article reports the significant achievements of the school. In classrooms, we observed mostly whole-class lessons well structured around the natural rhythms of body movement, language, and social interaction; most of the children were constantly engaged with the curriculum. Misbehavior was handled directly and lovingly. The children performed remarkably well on standardized tests. Faculty discussions on the nature of Waldorf education and its use in a racially charged and poor neighborhood were both heated and productive.


Social Interaction Standardize Test Public School Body Movement Poor Neighborhood 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ray McDermott
    • 1
  • Mary E. Henry
    • 2
  • Cynthia Dillard
    • 3
  • Paul Byers
    • 4
  • Freda easton
    • 5
  • Ida Oberman
    • 6
  • Bruce Uhrmacher
    • 7
  1. 1.Teacher Education ProgramStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling PsychologyWashington State UniversityUSA
  3. 3.Ohio State UniversityUSA
  4. 4.Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityColumbiaUSA
  5. 5.Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityColumbiaUSA
  6. 6.Pew Forum on Education ReformStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  7. 7.University of DenverDenverUSA

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