Evaluation of a fall detector based on accelerometers: A pilot study
- 1.1k Downloads
As falls and fall-related injuries remain a major challenge in the public health domain, reliable and immediate detection of falls is important so that adequate medical support can be delivered. Available home alarm systems are placed on the hip, but have several shortcomings. A fall detector based on accelerometers and placed at head level was developed, as well as an algorithm able to distinguish between activities of daily living and simulated falls. Accelerometers were integrated into a hearing-aid housing, investigation into the acceleration patterns of the head of a young volunteer during intentional falls. The specificity was assessed by investigation into activities of daily living of the same volunteer. In addition, a healthy elderly woman (83 years) wore the sensor during the day. Three trigger thresholds were identified so that a fall could be recognised: the sum-vector of acceleration in the xy-plane higher than 2 g; the sumvector of velocity of all spatial components right before the impact higher than 0.7ms−1; and the sum-vector of acceleration of all spatial components higher than 6g. The algorithm was able to discriminate activities of daily living from intentional falls. Thus high sensitivity and specificity of the algorithm could be demonstrated that was better than in other fall detectors worn at the hip or wrist at the same stage of development.
KeywordsAccelerometers Accidental falls Fall detector
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Cummings, S. R., Nevitt, M. C., andKidd, S. (1988): ‘Forgetting falls. The limited accuracy of recall of falls in the elderly’,J. Am. Geriatr. Soc.,36, pp. 613–616Google Scholar
- Degen, T., Jaeckel, H., Rufer, M., andWyss, S. (2003): ‘SPEEDY: A fall detector in a wrist watch’,Proc. Seventh IEEE Int. Symp. on Wearable Computers (ISWC'03), pp. 184–187Google Scholar
- Kanten, D. N., Mulrow, C. D., Gerety, M. B., Lichtenstein, M. J., Aguilar, C., andCornell, J. C. (1993): ‘Falls: an examination of three reporting methods in nursing homes’,J. Am. Geriatr. Soc.,41, pp. 662–666Google Scholar
- King, M. B., andTinetti, M. E., (1995): ‘Falls in communitydwelling older persons’,J. Am. Geriatr. Soc.,43, pp. 1146–1154Google Scholar
- Skelton, D., andTodd, C. (2004): ‘What are the main risk factors for falls amongst older people and what are the most effective interventions to prevent these falls? How should interventions to prevent falls be implemented?’, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, DenmarkGoogle Scholar
- Tinetti, M. E., Doucette, J. T., andClaus, E. B. (1995): ‘The contribution of predisposing and situational risk factors to serious fall injuries’,J. Am. Geriatr. Soc.,43, pp. 1207–1213Google Scholar