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Journal of Ethology

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 133–137 | Cite as

Settlement in the prey termite nest by the ponerine antPachycondyla caffraria (Smith), and tandem running signal analysis for the following ant

  • Constance Agbogba
Article

Abstract

The workers ofPachycondyla caffraria attack the nests of the termiteMicrocerotermes sp. in the laboratory. The hunter workers bore into the side of the nest, enter and catch the termites, and return to their nest with the captured prey. Later in the same day, all or part of the colony moves out and settles in the termite nest. The hunter workers use tandem running for the attack of the termite nest, the capture of termite and the removal of the colony to the nest which was raided. To analyse the relevant signals for the following ant during tandem running, we offered different dummies to followers which had been separated from their leader ants. The signals which release the following behaviour are a conbination of visual and chemical signals. Seventy percent of motivated followers reacted positively to paper with methanolic extract of the leader ant, 44% of motivated followers reacted positively to an odourless paper, and 100% reacted positively to a freshly killed leader ant. The leading effect of the body surface is lost by cleaning with solvents of different polarity.

Keywords

Body Surface Methanolic Extract Signal Analysis Animal Ecology Chemical Signal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Japan Ethological Society 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Constance Agbogba
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of ScienceCheikh Anta Diop UniversityDakarSenegal

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