Neonatal lungs: Maturational changes in lung resistivity spectra
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The electrical resistivity of lung tissue can be related to the structure and composition of the tissue and also to the air content. Electrical impedance tomographic measurements have been used on 155 normal children over the first three years of life and 25 pre-term infants, to determine the absolute resistivity of lung tissue as a function of frequency. The results show consistent changes with increasing age in both lung tissue resistivity (5.8Ωm at birth to 20.9Ωm at 3 years of age) and in the changes of resistivity with frequency (Cole parameter ratio R/S=0.41 at birth and 0.84 at 3 years of age). Comparison with a lung model showed that the measurements are consistent with maturational changes in the number and size of alveoli, the extracapillary blood volume and the size of the extracapillary vessels. However, the results show that the process of maturation is not complete at the age of three years.
KeywordsLung Resistivity spectra Bio-impedance Neonatal lungs Tissue modelling
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