Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 6, Issue 1–3, pp 63–69 | Cite as

The vertical distribution of fine roots of five tree species and maize in Morogoro, Tanzania

  • K. Jonsson
  • L. Fidjeland
  • J. A. Maghembe
  • P. Högberg


In order to assess the possibility of root competition in agroforestry, the vertical distribution of fine roots (< 2 mm in diameter) of five tree species in pure two-year-old stands was compared to that of mature maize.Cassia siamea, Eucalyptus tereticornis, Leucaena leucocephala andProsopis chilensis had a rooting pattern similar to that of maize, i.e. a slow decline in fine root mass from 0–100 cm soil depth.Eucalyptus camaldulensis had its roots evenly distributed down to 100 cm. On an average, the fine root biomass of the tree species was roughly twice as that of the maize. We conclude that the studied tree species are likely to compete with maize and other crops with a similar rooting pattern for nutrients and water.

Key words

agroforestry fine root biomass root competition root nodules 


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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Jonsson
    • 1
  • L. Fidjeland
    • 1
  • J. A. Maghembe
    • 2
  • P. Högberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forest Site ResearchSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUmeåSweden
  2. 2.Department of Forest BiologySokoine University of AgricultureMorogoroTanzania

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