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Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 109, Issue 2, pp 169–176 | Cite as

Chloroplast DNA phylogeny of subtribe Dendrobiinae (Orchidaceae): Insights from a combined analysis based onrbcL sequences and restriction site variation

  • Tomohisa Yukawa
  • Hideaki Ohba
  • Kenneth M. Cameron
  • Mark W. Chase
Original Articles

Abstract

Phylogenetic analyses using two chloroplast DNA data sets, derived from variation of the ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase gene (rbcL) and restriction sites, were performed to examine relationships among 13 taxa in subtribe Dendrobiinae, one of the most taxonomically complicated groups in Orchidaceae, and its putative sister groups. Owing to a limited number of informative substitutions, therbcL data set did not provide conclusive evidence in itself. The data set combiningrbcL and restriction site mutations, however, provided the following insights: (1)Pseuderia belongs with tribe Podochileae rather than tribe Dendrobieae. (2) Subtribe Dendrobiinae is monophyletic ifPseuderia is excluded. (3) ExcludingPseuderia, Dendrobiinae comprises three major clades: Clade 1 (Dendrobium sectionSpatulata, Cadetia, Diplocaulobium, andFlickingeria); Clade 2 (Dendrobium sectionsDendrobium andCallista); and Clade 3 (Epigeneium). (4)Epigeneium diverged early from the lineage including Clades 1 and 2. (5) Relative toCadetia, Diplocaulobium, andFlickingeria, Dendrobium is shown to be para-/polyphyletic. (6)Diplocaulobium andFlickingeria constitute a monophyletic clade, from which cladeDendrobium sectionSpatulata andCadetia form succesive sister groups. Among these results, (1) and (5) are especially stable in view of the congruence between the separate and combined analyses as well as robust internal support.

Key words

Chloroplast DNA Cladistics Dendrobium Molecular systematics Orchidaceae Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomohisa Yukawa
    • 1
  • Hideaki Ohba
    • 1
  • Kenneth M. Cameron
    • 2
  • Mark W. Chase
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Botany, University MuseumUniversity of Tokyo, 7-3-1 HongoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of BiologyThe University of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Laboratory of Molecular Systematics, Jodrell LaboratoryRoyal Botanic GardensRichmondUK

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