Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 108, Issue 4, pp 451–456 | Cite as

Electrophoretic variation of the apogamousDryopteris varia group (Dryopteridaceae)

  • Su-Juan Lin
  • Masahiro Kato
  • Kunio Iwatsuki
Original Articles

Abstract

A total of 35 electrophoretic variants were detected in four apogamous species of theDryopteris varia group: 14 variants inD. bissetiana triploids, 7 inD. sacrosancta triploids, 6 inD. varia triploids, 3 inD. pacifica triploids, and 5 in apogamous diploids. The variants differed from each other in various combinations of a few alleles which were common in some of the variants, suggesting recurrent origin.Dryopteris insularis var.insularis (2x) and var.chichisimensis (3x), other members of the group, were electrophoretically monomorphic, suggesting single origin. Banding patterns infer that triploids ofD. bissetiana andD. sacrosancta may have originated from hybrids whose parent is the sexualD. saxifraga, whereas this species was not involved in the origin of the other apogamous triploids and the apogamous diploids. The other parent was also discussed and we proposed a hypothesis that diploid offsprings fromD. pacifica triploids hybridized withD. saxifraga giving rise to triploids ofD. bissetiana andD. sacrosancta.

Key words

Apogamous species Dryopteris varia Electrophoresis Hybrid Ploidy reduction Polyploid 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Su-Juan Lin
    • 1
  • Masahiro Kato
    • 1
  • Kunio Iwatsuki
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanical Gardens, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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