Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 411–423 | Cite as

Jealousy, intimate abusiveness, and intrusiveness

  • Donald G. Dutton
  • Cynthia van Ginkel
  • Monica A. Landolt


An examination of self-report scales of 160 men and 76 of their partners or former partners found significant correlations between jealousy and abusiveness (for coupled dyads) or intrusiveness (for separated dyads). Jealousy was related to borderline personality and to MCMI-II measures of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Rejection sensitivity leading to pathological acts, such as abusiveness and intrusiveness, is seen as originating in early insecure attachment and exposure to shaming experiences.

Key Words

jealousy intrusiveness abuse 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American Psychiatric Association (1987).Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the Mental Disorders (3rd edition, revised), APA Press, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  2. Bartel, P. (1995).Interpersonal dependency and insecure attachment in spouse abusive men, Doctoral Thesis, Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University.Google Scholar
  3. Bartholomew, K., and Horowitz, L. M. (1991). Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four category model.J. Personal. Social Psychol. 61: 226–244.Google Scholar
  4. Briere, J., and Runtz, M. (1989). The Trauma Symptom Checklist (TSC-33): Early data on a new scale.Journal of Interpers. Viol. 4:151–162.Google Scholar
  5. Collins, N. L., and Read, S. J. (1990). Adult attachment, working models and relationship quality in dating couples.J. Personal. Social Psychol. 58: 644–663.Google Scholar
  6. Crawford, M., and Gartner, R. (1992).Woman Killing: Intimate Femicide in Ontario (1974–1990), Women's Directorate, Ministry of Social Services, Toronto, ON.Google Scholar
  7. Crowne, D. P., and Marlowe, D. A. (1960). A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology.J. Consult. Psychol. 24: 349–354.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Daly M., and Wilson, M. (1988).Homicide, Aldine, New York.Google Scholar
  9. Dutton, D. G. (1994b). Trauma symptoms and PTSD profiles in perpetrators of abuse.J. Traum. Stress 8: 299–326.Google Scholar
  10. Dutton, D. G. (1994b). The origin and structure of the abusive personality.J. Personal. Dis. 8: 181–191.Google Scholar
  11. Dutton, D. G. (1995a). Male abusiveness in intimate relationships.Clin. Psychol. Rev. 15: 567–581.Google Scholar
  12. Dutton, D. G. (1995b).The Batterer: A Psychological Profile, Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Dutton, D. G., and Browning, J. J. (1988). Power struggles and intimacy anxieties as causative factors of violence in intimate relationships. In Russell, G. (ed.).Violence in Intimate Relationships, PMA Publishing, Great Neck, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Dutton, D. G., and Hemphill, K. J. (1992). Patterns of socially desirable responding among perpetrators and victims of wife assault.Viol. Vict. 7: 29–39.Google Scholar
  15. Dutton, D. G., Saunders, K., Starzomski, A., and Bartholomew, K. (1994). Intimacy anger and insecure attachment as precursors of abuse in intimate relationships.J. Appl. Social Psychol. 24: 1367–1386.Google Scholar
  16. Dutton, D. G., and Starzomski, A. (1994). Psychological differences between court-referred and self-referred wife assaulters.Crim. Just. Behav. 21: 203–222.Google Scholar
  17. Dutton, D. G., and Starzomski, A (1996). Personality predictors of the power and control wheel.J. Interpers. Viol. In press.Google Scholar
  18. Dutton, D. G., Starzomski, A., and van Ginkel, C. (1995). The role of shame and guilt in the intergenerational transmission of abusiveness.Viol. Victims 10: 125–135.Google Scholar
  19. Dutton, D. G., and Strachan, C. E. (1987). Motivational needs for power and dominance as differentiating variables of assaultive and non-assaultive male populations.Viol. Vict. 2: 145–156.Google Scholar
  20. Dutton, D. G., and Yamini, S. (1995). Adolescent parricide: An integration of social cognitive theory and clinical views of projective-introjective cycling.Am. J. Orthopsychiatry 65: 1367–1386.Google Scholar
  21. Griffin, D., and Bartholomew, K. (1994). Models of self and other: Fundamental dimensions underlying measures of adult attachment.J. Personal. Social Psychol. 67: 430–445.Google Scholar
  22. Hazan, C., and Shaver, P. (1987). Conceptualizing romantic love as an attachment process.J. Personal. Social Psychol. 52: 511–524.Google Scholar
  23. Marshall, L. L. (1992). Development of the Severity of Violence Against Women Scales.J. Fam. Viol. 7: 103–121.Google Scholar
  24. Mathes, E. W., Phillips, J. T., Skowran, J. and Dick III, W. E. (1982). Behavioral correlates of the interpersonal scale.Ed. Psychological Meas. 42: 1227–1231.Google Scholar
  25. Mathes, E. W., and Severa, N. (1981). Jealousy, romantic love and liking: Theoretical considerations and preliminary scale development.Psycholog. Rep. 49: 23–31.Google Scholar
  26. Mathes, E. W., and Verstraete, C. (1993). Jealous aggression: Who is the target, the beloved or the rival?Psycholog. Rep. 72: 1071–1074.Google Scholar
  27. Meloy, J. R. (1992).Violent Attachments, Aronson, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  28. Millon, T. (1992). Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory: I and II.J. Counsel. Devel. 70: 421–426.Google Scholar
  29. Oldham, J., Clarkin, J., Appelbaum, A., Carr, A., Kernberg, P., Lotterman, A., and Haas, G. (1985). A self-report instrument for Borderline Personality Organization. In McGlashan, T. H. (ed.),The Borderline: Current Empirical Research, The Progress in Psychiatry Series, American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC, pp. 1–18.Google Scholar
  30. Paul, L., Foss, M. A., and Galloway, J. (1993). Sexual jealousy in young women and men.Aggr. Behav. 19: 401–420.Google Scholar
  31. Revitch, E., and Schlesinger, L. B. (1981).Psychopathology of Homicide, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL.Google Scholar
  32. Saunders, D. (1992). Procedures for adjusting self-reports of violence for social desirability bias.J. Interpers. Viol. 6: 336–344.Google Scholar
  33. Siegel, J. M. (1986). The multidimensional anger inventory.J. Personal. Social Psychol. 51: 191–200.Google Scholar
  34. Sonkin, D., Martin, D., and Walker, L. (1985).The Male Batterer: A Treatment Approach, Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  35. Spinoza, B. (1948).Ethics, Dent, London (original work published in 1677).Google Scholar
  36. Straus, M. A. (1979). Measuring family conflict and violence: The Conflict Tactics Scale.J. Marr. Fam. 41: 75–88.Google Scholar
  37. Straus, M. A., Gelles, R. J., and Steinmetz, S. (1980).Behind Closed Doors: Violence in the American Family, Anchor/Doubleday, Garden City, New York.Google Scholar
  38. Tolman, R. M. (1989). The development of a measure of psychological maltreatment of women by their male partners.Viol. Vict. 4: 159–177.Google Scholar
  39. Walker, L. E. A. (1979).The Battered Woman, Harper & Row, New York.Google Scholar
  40. White, G. E., and Mullen, P. E. (1989).Jealousy: Theory, Research and Clinical Strategies, Guilford, New York.Google Scholar
  41. Wilson, M., and Daly, M. (1993). Spousal homicide risk and estrangement.Viol. Vict. 8: 3–16.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald G. Dutton
    • 1
  • Cynthia van Ginkel
    • 1
  • Monica A. Landolt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations