Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 398–402 | Cite as

Impact friction test method by applying stress wave

  • K. Ogawa


To understand the dynamic response of two bodies in contact, kinetic friction during impact presently is focused on. A new testing technique, which provides the normal and the tangential impact force independently, is developed by modifying the split Hopkinson pressure bar method. Normal and torsional stress wave propagation in a one-dimensional framework of an axial impact of an input tube on a rotating output tube is analyzed and is experimentally verified. Kinetic friction of brass was clarified at a high rate of sliding up to 5 m/s and is found to be almost constant independent of normal force and sliding velocity. The present technique provides direct measurement of kinetic friction with simple configuration and data analysis.

Key Words

Kinetic friction dynamic testing stress wave analysis Hopkinson pressure bar 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Courtney-Pratt, J.S. andEisner, E., “The Effect of Tangential Force on the Contact of Metallic Bodies,”Proc. Royal Soc., Ser. A,238,529–550 (1957).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Whitehead, J.R., “Surface Deformation and Friction of Metals at Light Loads,”Proc. Royal Soc., Ser. A,201,109–124 (1950).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tanimura, S., Kaizu, K., andKawabata, H., “Fundamental Study of Impact Friction,”Preprint of the Japanese Society of Mechanical Engineers,849–1,79–80 (1989)(in Japanese).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hauser, P.E., Simmons, J.A., andDorn, J.E., “Strain Rate Effects in Plastic Wave Propagation,”Proc. Metallurg. Soc. Conf., Response of Metals to High Velocity Deformation,9,P.G. Shewmon andV.F. Zackay,eds.,Interscience,New York,93–114 (1961).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ogawa, K., Hita, A., Nomura, M., andSugiyama, F., “Onset of Kinetic Friction and Its Dynamic Characteristics,”Trans. Jap. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. A,60 (578),2404–2410 (1994).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Ogawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Aeronautics and AstronauticsGraduate School of Kyoto UniversitySakyoku, KyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations