Effects of selective drugs for dopaminergic D1 and D2 receptors on conditioned locomotion in rats
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Classically conditioned locomotor activity has been demonstrated by pairing injections of dopamine agonists or antagonists with specific environmental stimuli. The present studies investigated conditioning using drugs with varying selectivity for the dopamine D1 or D2 receptor. Experiment 1 assessed conditioning in groups of rats using the indirect acting agonist (+)-amphetamine (2.0 mg/kg), and the D1 agonist SKF 38393 (10.0 mg/kg), the D2 agonist quinpirole (2.5 mg/kg), the D1 and D2 antagonists, SCH 23390 (0.05 mg/kg) and metoclopramide (25.0 mg/kg), respectively. Paired groups received nine 2-h drug-environment (automated activity monitoring chambers) pairings whereas Unpaired groups received the stimuli explicitly unpaired. Test revealed conditioned hyperactivity with each agonist and metoclopramide whereas conditioned hypoactivity was seen with SCH 23390. Experiment 2 assessed the interaction of these agonists and antagonists on the establishment of conditioned activity. Paired groups received an agonist and antagonist during conditioning sessions. SCH 23390 blocked conditioning based on (+)-amphetamine and SKF 38393 but not quinpirole. Metoclopramide (10.0 mg/kg) blocked conditioning based on quinpirole but not SKF 38393. Metoclopramide (25.0 mg/kg) also did not block (+)-amphetamine-induced conditioning. These studies suggested that drug-induced alterations at either D1 or D2 receptors may be involved in conditioned locomotion.
Key words(+)-Amphetamine SKF 38393 Quinpirole SCH 23390 Metoclopramide Conditioned locomotor activity
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