Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 77–85 | Cite as

Childhood trauma in victims of the Armenian earthquake

  • Anait Azarian
  • Vitali Skriptchenko-Gregorian
  • Thomas W. Miller
  • Robert F. Kraus


Childhood victims of the Armenian earthquake have shown numerous diagnostic indicators of traumatization and stress. Examined are clinical data which address advances in understanding diagnostic indicators and resulting psychopathology in childhood victims of natural disasters. Presented is a review of current theory about the processing of traumatization in children, as well as case vignettes, and recommendations for further research.


Public Health Clinical Data Social Psychology Natural Disaster Current Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Azarian, A. and Skriptchenko, V. (1992). Natural disasters result in multifaceted PTSD that demand a complex approach to treatment.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 945–951.Google Scholar
  2. Azarian, A. (1990). The complex approach to the methods of psychological treatment of children and adolescents. In Anait Azarian (Ed.),Psychological Treatment of Children and Adolescents: Studies of the Children's Psychotherapy Center. Yerevan: Scientific Institute of Education.Google Scholar
  3. Garmezy, N. (1983). Stressors of childhood. In N. Garmezy and M. Rutter (Eds.),Stress, coping and development in children. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  4. Green, B. L., Korol, M. G., et. al. (1991). Children and disaster: Age, gender, and parental effects of PTSD symptoms.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 945–951.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Horowitz, M. (1977).Stress response syndromes and brief psychotherapy. Strecker Monographs Series, No. 14. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  6. Miller, T. W. and Veltkamp, L. J. (1989). Effects of multigenerational sexual abuse in rural America.International Journal of Family Psychiatry, 9, 259–275.Google Scholar
  7. Miller, T. W. and Basoglu, M. (1992). Posttraumatic stress disorder: The impact of life stress events of adjustment.Integrative Psychiatry, 44, 209–217.Google Scholar
  8. Pynoos, R. F. and Nader, F. (1987). Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school-age children.Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 1057–1063.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Terr, L. C. (1991). Childhood traumas: An outline and overview. AmericanJournal of Psychiatry, 148, 10–20.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Terr, L. C. (1988). What happens to the memories of early childhood trauma?Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 96–104.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anait Azarian
  • Vitali Skriptchenko-Gregorian
  • Thomas W. Miller
    • 1
  • Robert F. Kraus
  1. 1.Psychology Service, Dept. of Veteran AffairsMedical CenterLexington

Personalised recommendations