Educational Technology Research and Development

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 60–70

Managing courseware production: An instructional design model with a software engineering approach

  • Chia-Shing Yang
  • David M. Moore
  • John K. Burton
Development

Abstract

In applied courseware production settings, two equally important processes tend to vie for attention: Instructional Design (ID) and Management. Together, these two processes comprise instructional systems development (ISD). To ensure the instructional appropriateness of courseware, an ID model is proposed to remind producers of the important instructional factors and process. This model contains three stages. The analysis stage draws out and documents background information. The development stage constructs content, measurement, strategies, media, and settings. This stage can be further divided into “prototype design” and “formal production.” The last stage is the evaluation stage which includes pilot testing and summative evaluation.

This paper also proposes a project template to manage production activities based on a software engineering approach. This template prescribes a procedural flow, role explanation, and task definition. It helps producers to estimate and coordinate the efforts of the production team. Its step-by-step confirmation ensures that the courseware product will meet the customer's needs. An example project was used to verify the usefulness of the ID model and project template.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alessi, S.M., & Trollip, S.R. (1985).Computer-based instruction: Methods and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Franklin, C., & Kinnell, S.K. (1990).Hypermedia/hypertext in schools: A resource book. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.Google Scholar
  3. Gayeski, D.M. (1989). Why information technologies fail.Educational Technology, 29(2), 9–16.Google Scholar
  4. Gleason, J. (1991).Development of an interactive multimedia presentation for use in a public delivery setting. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
  5. Gleim, C.W., & Harvey, F.A. (1992, February). Viewing hypermedia through the prism of evaluation. Paper presented at the national convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  6. Heinich, R., Molenda, M., & Russell, J.D. (1989).Instructional media and the new technologies of instruction (3rd ed.,). NY: MacMillan.Google Scholar
  7. Jonassen, D.H. (1988).Instructional designs for micro-computer courseware. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  8. Keller, A. (1987).When machines teach: Designing computer courseware. NY: Harper & Rowe.Google Scholar
  9. Nelson, W.A., & Palumbo, D.B. (1992). Learning, instruction, and hypermedia.Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 1, 287–299.Google Scholar
  10. Seels, B., & Glasgow, Z. (1990).Exercises in instructional design. Columbus: Merrill.Google Scholar
  11. Utz, W.J., Jr. (1992).Software technology transitions. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  12. Wattam, S.I. (1991).Software engineering: A dynamic approach. Wilmslow, England: Sigma Press.Google Scholar
  13. Yang, C. (1994).Theories, templates, and tools for designing and developing instructional hypermedia systems. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© the Association for Educational Communications and Technology 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chia-Shing Yang
    • 1
  • David M. Moore
    • 2
  • John K. Burton
    • 2
  1. 1.The National Open University of TaiwanChina
  2. 2.Division of C & IVirginia TechBlacksburg

Personalised recommendations