Emergent patterns of teaching/learning in electronic classrooms

  • Ben Shneiderman
  • Ellen Yu Borkowski
  • Maryam Alavi
  • Kent Norman


Novel patterns of teaching/learning have emerged from faculty and students who use our three teaching/learning theaters at the University of Maryland, College Park. These fully-equipped electronic classrooms have been used by 74 faculty in 264 semester-long courses since the fall of 1991 with largely enthusiastic reception by both faculty and students. The designers of the teaching/learning theaters sought to provide a technologically rich environment and a support staff so that faculty could concentrate on changing the traditional lecture from its unidirectional information flow to a more collaborative activity. As faculty have evolved their personal styles in using the electronic classrooms, novel patterns of teaching/learning have emerged. In addition to enhanced lectures, we identified three common patterns: (a) active individual learning, (b) small-group collaborative learning, and (c) entire-class collaborative learning.


Educational Technology Information Flow Collaborative Learning Common Pattern Individual Learning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© the Association for Educational Communications and Technology 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben Shneiderman
    • 1
  • Ellen Yu Borkowski
    • 2
  • Maryam Alavi
    • 3
  • Kent Norman
    • 4
  1. 1.the Department of Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction Laboratory, and Institute for Systems Researchthe University of MarylandUSA
  2. 2.Academic Information Technology Servicesthe University of MarylandUSA
  3. 3.the Robert H. Smith School of Businessthe University of MarylandUSA
  4. 4.the Department of Psychologythe University of MarylandCollege Park

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