Atlantic Economic Journal

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 175–190 | Cite as

Divorce and female labor force participation: Evidence from times-series data and cointegration

  • Dale Bremmer
  • Randy Kesselring


The divorce rate in the United States has increased over the last 40 years. This increase was accompanied both by growing female labor force participation and rising female income. These changes were accompanied by a significant reduction in the birth rate for married women. This article uses time-series data and cointegration techniques to determine the direction of causality between these variables. Analysis of the impulse functions show that the divorce rate will increase if either female labor force participation or income increases. Positive innovations to the divorce rate increase the labor force participation rate of married women. Rising levels of income lead to greater female participation in the labor market.


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Copyright information

© International Atlantic Economic Society 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dale Bremmer
    • 1
  • Randy Kesselring
    • 2
  1. 1.Rose-Hulman Institute of TechnologyU.S.A.
  2. 2.Arkansas State UniversityU.S.A.

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