, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 175–186 | Cite as

A general latent trait model for response processes

  • Susan Embretson (Whitely)


The purpose of the current paper is to propose a general multicomponent latent trait model (GLTM) for response processes. The proposed model combines the linear logistic latent trait (LLTM) with the multicomponent latent trait model (MLTM). As with both LLTM and MLTM, the general multicomponent latent trait model can be used to (1) test hypotheses about the theoretical variables that underlie response difficulty and (2) estimate parameters that describe test items by basic substantive properties. However, GLTM contains both component outcomes and complexity factors in a single model and may be applied to data that neither LLTM nor MLTM can handle. Joint maximum likelihood estimators are presented for the parameters of GLTM and an application to cognitive test items is described.

Key words

latent trait models item response theory aptitude process model 


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Copyright information

© The Psychometric Society 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Embretson (Whitely)
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of KansasLawrence

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