Psychometrika

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 155–173 | Cite as

The effect of sampling error on convergence, improper solutions, and goodness-of-fit indices for maximum likelihood confirmatory factor analysis

  • James C. Anderson
  • David W. Gerbing
Article

Abstract

A Monte Carlo study assessed the effect of sampling error and model characteristics on the occurrence of nonconvergent solutions, improper solutions and the distribution of goodness-of-fit indices in maximum likelihood confirmatory factor analysis. Nonconvergent and improper solutions occurred more frequently for smaller sample sizes and for models with fewer indicators of each factor. Effects of practical significance due to sample size, the number of indicators per factor and the number of factors were found for GFI, AGFI, and RMR, whereas no practical effects were found for the probability values associated with the chi-square likelihood ratio test.

Key words

Confirmatory factory analysis LISREL Monte Carlo Maximum likelihood 

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Copyright information

© The Psychometric Society 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • James C. Anderson
    • 1
  • David W. Gerbing
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Marketing AdministrationThe University of Texas at AustinUSA
  2. 2.Baylor UniversityUSA
  3. 3.J. L. Kellogg Graduate School of ManagementNorthwestern UniversityEvanston

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